Schutz-Pass of Tivadar Foldes

Schutz-Pass of Tivadar Foldes
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  • Photo taken in:
    Budapest
    Year when photo was taken:
    1944
    Country name at time of photo:
    Hungary
    Country name today:
    Hungary
This is a picture of my father Theodor, that is, Tivadar, Foldes, on his Schutzpass. It was issued in Budapest on 26th September 1944. The house on Terez Boulevard, where we lived, wasn't a yellow star house so we had to move out of the apartment. The house in Jokai Street where we moved to belonged to the Fonciere Insurance Company, their offices were on the second floor. Even when it became a yellow star house in June 1944. But at the end of October 1944 it was a refuge for Swedish embassy employees, with diplomatic immunity, thanks to Raoul Wallenberg. The Jokai Street apartment was smaller, with three rooms. It was a forced exchange. My father, mother, brother, aunt and uncle Karoly lived there, as well as me. When Wallenberg was operating then there were too many, at least 20-25 people lived there. Then we, the family, squeezed into a room. Christian inhabitants were still in the house, who didn't leave - and significantly the concierge, too. On the night of 7th to 8th January 1945, at the 'charitable request' of the concierge, an armed Arrow Cross company appeared. Either he had told them that there were Jews there illegally, or he thought he could get something out of it, whatever. I don't know. The thing is that night a few Arrow Cross turned up. I was eleven. They took everybody who could be moved - anyone who couldn't was shot - to the Arrow Cross building on 14 Varoshaz Street. Wallenberg got to know of it and appeared at the Arrow Cross building, so the next day they took us to the ghetto, to 54 Akacfa Street. My father and uncle were taken to the banks of the Danube on the following day and shot into the river. The bodies never appeared. The liberation happened on 18th January 1945.

Interview details

Interviewee: Gyula Földes
Interviewer:
Eszter Andor
Month of interview:
October
Year of interview:
2002
Budapest, Hungary

KEY PERSON

Tivadar Foldes
Year of birth:
1894
City of birth:
Istenmezeje
Country name at time of birth:
Hungary
Year of death:
1945
City of death:
Budapest
Country of death:
Hungary
Died where:
Budapest
Occupation
before WW II:
Manager
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Friedman
    Year of changing: 
    1912
    Reason for changing: 
    Assimilation

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