Miksa Domonkos in his captain's uniform in the yard of his summer cottage

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    Peter Domonkos
This is my father, Miksa Domonkos, in his captain's uniform in the garden of our summer cottage in Rakoscsaba in 1936. My brother took the picture. When World War I broke out they called up my father immediately with the stock of cars and other means of transportation that he had been responsible for, i.e. with the unsold caterpillars and motor-cars he had. The authorities collected the available means of transportation and gave them to the body of troops he belonged to. The Caterpillar company couldn't do anything, it was wartime. It didn't matter that the USA wasn't at war yet. They entrusted to him a supplier mechanized troop. He joined the forces as an officer, but he soon became an ensign, and he demobilized as first lieutenant at the end of the war. He was at the Italian battlefront, too, and his troops mainly dealt with transportation on the battlefront. Since they had to work on a very difficult mountain ground and they were shot at, many got killed. My father was injured several times, and he demobilized at the end of the war with a lot of decorations. As he told me, he served and did his duty, because he couldn't do anything else, but he never wore the uniform of the Hungarian Red Army. After the revolutions he got honorable mention from the War Office, from Horthy's bureau, and he was admitted to the reservist officer force, which was sometimes called in for practice. I remember that he was called in several times. In 1935 he obtained his captaincy from Miklos Horthy. So by the time anti-Semitism broke out he was relieved of all kinds of measures, because he had such prestigious decorations, and had this promotion from Horthy. So he was on the list, which was called Horthy exemption at that time.

Interview details

Interviewee: Istvan Domonkos
Mihaly Andor
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Budapest, Hungary


Miksa Domonkos
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after WW II
before WW II:
Commission-agent of the Caterpillar company (respectively its predecessor)
after WW II:
Secretary general of the Jewish community
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