Mesko Nikolai with a rabbi

  • Photo taken in:
    Country name at time of photo:
    Country name today:

This photo was taken in my apartment in Mukachevo in the 1990's. I am the man standing on the left. Standing beside me is a rabbi from Budapest, but I don't remember his name anymore. The photo shows him teaching me how to tie a tefillin, because during Communism I didn't attend synagogue and I somewhat forgot how to do it. This rabbi taught it to me again.

During the time of the Communist regime I didn't always go to synagogue, as I was a member of the Communist Party. It wasn't until the creation of free Ukraine in 1991 [Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union on 24th August 1991 - Editor's note] that I began to again visit the synagogue daily, at that time people no longer cared about religion. Up until then they suppressed religion! I hadn't led prayers for sixty years, and I'm still able to do it. Services during the week, that's nothing, but on the Sabbath, that's music! Everyone wonders how it is that I'm able to manage it at the age of 83. During Communism I prayed at home. I didn't observe the holidays like I do now and I didn't keep kosher either. During the high holidays, though, I did go to the synagogue and ate there, because they had kosher food there. During the holidays they always served kosher food at the community, dinner and supper.

Interview details

Interviewee: Nikolai Mesko Salamonovic
Pokreis & Korcok
Month of interview:
Year of interview:
Mukachevo , Ukraine


Nikolai Mesko Salamonovic
Year of birth:
City of birth:
before WW II:
Manual laborer
after WW II:
Departmental head/manager in socialist firms
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Nusn Mermelstein
    Year of changing: 
    Reason for changing: 
    Communist ideology

More photos from this country

glqxz9283 sfy39587stf02 mnesdcuix8
glqxz9283 sfy39587stf03 mnesdcuix8