Mesko Nikolai at the Mukachevo Jewish Community

Mesko Nikolai at the Mukachevo Jewish Community
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    Country name at time of photo:
    Country name today:
The photo shows me in the Jewish Religious Community dining room in Mukachevo. The photo was probably taken in the late 1990's. During the time of the Communist regime I didn't always go to synagogue, as I was a member of the Communist Party. It wasn't until the creation of free Ukraine in 1991 [Ukraine gained its independence from the Soviet Union on 24th August 1991 - Editor's note] that I began to again visit the synagogue daily, at that time people no longer cared about religion. Up until then they suppressed religion! I hadn't led prayers for sixty years, and I'm still able to do it. Services during the week, that's nothing, but on the Sabbath, that's music! Everyone wonders how it is that I'm able to manage it at the age of 83. During Communism I prayed at home. I didn't observe the holidays like I do now and I didn't keep kosher either. During the high holidays, though, I did go to the synagogue and ate there, because they had kosher food there. During the holidays they always served kosher food at the community, dinner and supper..

Interview details

Interviewee: Nikolai Mesko


Nikolai Mesko Salamonovic
Year of birth:
City of birth:
before WW II:
Manual laborer
after WW II:
Departmental head/manager in socialist firms
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Nusn Mermelstein
    Year of changing: 
    Reason for changing: 
    Communist ideology

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Mesko Nikolai in front of the memorial to the victims of World War II in Mukachevo
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