Istvan H. and his younger brother

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  • Photo taken in:
    Budapest
    Year when photo was taken:
    1918
    Country name at time of photo:
    Austria-Hungary, pre 1918
    Country name today:
    Hungary

This picture was taken in Budapest in 1918. The figure standing is my father, Istvan Kauders, the one sitting is his younger brother, Andras, the younger by one year.

The first child of my paternal grandparents, Aladar, was born in 1890 and became a house painter. Margit, who was born in 1893, became a bookbinder. Imre, who became a printer, was born in 1895. He studied with Imre Kner, and worked there in Gyoma. [Izidor Kner founded a printing house in Gyoma in 1895. His children (Imre, Endre, Erzsebet, Albert) made it a prestigious Hungarian workshop of the bookbinding arts. Kner Imre was five years older than the interview subject's uncle, so the possibility of their common schooling is not great, and probably family legend.] Meanwhile, there was Sandor who died, my father who was born in 1901, Andras in 1902 and Pali in 1904 or 1905. My father was sent to be a merchant assistant, because he was a very puny kid. My father was an apprentice, the merchant took him on to train him in the fashion merchant trade - he had no concurrent schooling. He worked in the shop, cleaned, took merchandise home, packed, he did everything, but they trained him to dress and groom himself like a merchant's assistant. Andras also became a merchant's assistant. Pali became a locksmith's apprentice. So you can see that Grandpa gave his kids to industry, put a trade in their hands. So after six grades, some trade. My father had no more schooling, and in the 1950s they even nagged him because of it.

Andras married, they had no children. His wife Sari died in Auschwitz, he died somewhere in the work service [forced labor].

Interview details

Interviewee: Zsuzsanna G.
Interviewer:
Mihaly Andor
Month of interview:
November
Year of interview:
2004
Budapest, Hungary

KEY PERSON

Istvan H.
Year of birth:
1901
City of birth:
Gyula
Country name at time of birth:
Austria-Hungary pre 1918
Occupation
before WW II:
Windowdresser
after WW II:
Windowdresser
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Kauders
    Year of changing: 
    1945
    Reason for changing: 
    Assimilation

Other Person

Andras Kauders
Year of birth:
1902
Country name at time of birth:
Austria-Hungary pre 1918
Year of death:
1944
Died where:
Forced labor
Occupation
before WW II:
Businessman, Retail merchant

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