Wanda Golebiowska in school uniform

  • Photo taken in:
    Year when photo was taken:
    Country name at time of photo:
    Country name today:

This is my daughter, Wanda Golebiowska, in her school uniform. I have a similar picture of mine, we look very much the same. The photo was taken in Cracow about 1959.

I returned to Poland with my first husband. His name was Mieczyslaw Golebiowski, I met him on the road, in the West. He was from Warsaw, I don't know his birth date. It was an unsuccessful marriage. That's life, sometimes it works, sometimes it doesn't. We came to Cracow with one of the first transports. In 1946, or perhaps late 1945. My daughter, Wanda, was born in Cracow in 1948.

As soon as I could, I hired a nanny for my daughter, Wanda, and went to work. First I worked as a bookkeeper for Bank Narodowy on Basztowa Street. That was close to home, but they paid poorly. Then I worked for a winemaking enterprise. I quit soon because it was far from home.

I divorced my husband and was left alone with my child. I have the pre-war high school diploma, so I started studying, first pharmaceutics, then law, but I completed neither. I was very nervous, unable to concentrate. Besides, I had no money, was unable to reconcile work and study? I simply couldn't manage on my own.

During that time I met Maksymilian Fiszgrund. He had just lost his wife, and was alone, I guess, when I met him. It was his second wife, nee Keller, I think, and her first married name was Fedbelt. She had this strange first name? Hermina! It was a very short-lived marriage. In 1950 she developed a suppurative inflammation of the gall bladder, infection set in following surgery, and she died. There was a Jewish club on Slawkowska Street, and there I met Fiszgrund [Editor's note: Mrs. Fiszgrund calls her second husband by his surname]. This may have been 1950. In 1951, in the fall, I married him. In October.

My daughter, Wanda, completed a school for building cost estimators, but never worked in the profession.

Interview details

Interviewee: Alina Fiszgrund
Magdalena Bizon
Month of interview:
Year of interview:
Krakow, Poland


Wanda Golebiowska
Year of birth:
City of birth:
Country name at time of birth:
after WW II:
Jewish activist
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Reason for changing: 
    Decade of changing: 

More photos from this country

Rena Michalowska with her family in Walbrzych soon after WWII
Henryk Prajs as a Polish Army soldier
Kennkarte of Alfred Borowicz
The funeral of Szlome Solowiejczyk
glqxz9283 sfy39587stf02 mnesdcuix8
glqxz9283 sfy39587stf03 mnesdcuix8