Wanda Golebiowska in school uniform

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  • Photo taken in:
    Krakow
    Year when photo was taken:
    1959
    Country name at time of photo:
    Poland
    Country name today:
    Poland

This is my daughter, Wanda Golebiowska, in her school uniform. I have a similar picture of mine, we look very much the same. The photo was taken in Cracow about 1959.

I returned to Poland with my first husband. His name was Mieczyslaw Golebiowski, I met him on the road, in the West. He was from Warsaw, I don't know his birth date. It was an unsuccessful marriage. That's life, sometimes it works, sometimes it doesn't. We came to Cracow with one of the first transports. In 1946, or perhaps late 1945. My daughter, Wanda, was born in Cracow in 1948.

As soon as I could, I hired a nanny for my daughter, Wanda, and went to work. First I worked as a bookkeeper for Bank Narodowy on Basztowa Street. That was close to home, but they paid poorly. Then I worked for a winemaking enterprise. I quit soon because it was far from home.

I divorced my husband and was left alone with my child. I have the pre-war high school diploma, so I started studying, first pharmaceutics, then law, but I completed neither. I was very nervous, unable to concentrate. Besides, I had no money, was unable to reconcile work and study? I simply couldn't manage on my own.

During that time I met Maksymilian Fiszgrund. He had just lost his wife, and was alone, I guess, when I met him. It was his second wife, nee Keller, I think, and her first married name was Fedbelt. She had this strange first name? Hermina! It was a very short-lived marriage. In 1950 she developed a suppurative inflammation of the gall bladder, infection set in following surgery, and she died. There was a Jewish club on Slawkowska Street, and there I met Fiszgrund [Editor's note: Mrs. Fiszgrund calls her second husband by his surname]. This may have been 1950. In 1951, in the fall, I married him. In October.

My daughter, Wanda, completed a school for building cost estimators, but never worked in the profession.

Interview details

Interviewee: Alina Fiszgrund
Interviewer:
Magdalena Bizon
Month of interview:
August
Year of interview:
2005
Krakow, Poland

KEY PERSON

Wanda Golebiowska
Year of birth:
1948
City of birth:
Cracow
Country name at time of birth:
Poland
Occupation
after WW II:
Jewish activist
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Golebiowska
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1970

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