Renata Zisman with her parents Berta and Artur Springut

Renata Zisman with her parents Berta and Artur Springut
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  • Photo taken in:
    Zywiec
    Country name at time of photo:
    Poland
    Country name today:
    Poland
This is a photo of my partner Renata Zisman, nee Springut, when she was a child, with her parents Berta Springut, nee Herschlowitz, and Artur Springut. My parter was three or four years ald then. My partner's family lived in Silesia, so they spoke German, like all Germans. It was a progressive family. They would go to the synagogue there when it was Pesach, or Yom Kippur. But other than that they didn't keep kosher. Renata's grandmother had kept a kosher household, but they didn't bother. When the war started Renata was 18. Renata's family was sent to the Cracow ghetto. Her parents were taken away to Belzec on 28th October 1942. Renata was born in Zywiec and had one sister. She lived there with her parents, and her grandparents were there too. When her parents were taken away to Belzec, a friend called Jerzy looked after Renata and her sister Elzbieta. From the ghetto the two girls were both sent to the camp in Plaszow. While she was in the camp [in Plaszow] Renata managed to cross the wires into the men's barrack. There, before witnesses, she and Jerzy Sussman were married. After that there was kogiel mogiel [made of egg and sugar, the symbolic wedding party, cause they didn't have anything else], but Renata didn't say who ate it. And that was the end of the whole ceremony. I don't know who married them. Soon afterwards Renata and her sister were transferred to Auschwitz-Birkenau. After that Renata was in two more camps in Germany. She stayed together with her sister Elzbieta all the time; they were together in all the camps. Usually families were split up but they managed to stay together until the end. After the end of the war Renata first went back to Zywiec, because it was her hometown. Then she came to Cracow and lived here with her sister, in the home of some servant of her grandparents.

Interview details

Interviewee: Daniel Bertram
Interviewer:
Edyta Gawron
Month of interview:
January
Year of interview:
2004
Krakow, Poland

KEY PERSON

Renata Zisman
Year of birth:
1921
City of birth:
Zywiec-Zablocie
Country name at time of birth:
Poland
Year of death:
1999
City of death:
Cracow
Country of death:
Poland
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
after WW II:
Musician
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Springut
    Year of changing: 
    1943
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage

Other Person

Berta Springut
Decade of birth:
1890
City of birth:
Zywiec
Country name at time of birth:
Austria
Year of death:
1942
City of death:
Belzec
Country of death:
Poland
Died where:
Belzec
Occupation
before WW II:
Housewife
  • Previous family name: 
    Herschlowitz
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1910

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