Leonid Kotliar’s grandmother Tsyvia Risman, grandfather Leizer Risman, and uncle Ruvim Risman

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  • Photo taken in:
    Makarov
    Year when photo was taken:
    1914
    Country name at time of photo:
    Russia, pre-1917
    Country name today:
    Ukraine

These are my relatives on my mother's side. From left to right: my grandmother Tsyvia Risman, grandfather Leizer Risman, my uncle (my mother's brother) Ruvim Risman. Makarov, 1914. 

 

My maternal grandfather and grandmother were born in Makarov town of Kiev province in the 1870s. Grandfather Leizer Risman was a tailor and my grandmother Tsyvia Risman was a housewife.  My mother said that grandmother Tsyvia was a beautiful woman with full forms, made wonderful sausage and was a very good housewife. They had four children: the oldest Toibl was born in 1888, then came Moisey, born in 1893, Ruvim was a couple of years younger and my mother Rachil was the youngest. She was born in 1900. Their family strictly observed Jewish traditions, as was customary at this period of time. Ukrainian constituted a major part of the population of Makarov, one third of the population was Jewish and the rest of residents were Polish, Russian and Byelorussian.  Jews dealt in trades and crafts. They owned taverns and inns.  There were a few synagogues, a Jewish hospital, cheder and a Jewish grammar school in the town.  My mother's brothers finished cheder.

 

World War I began and Moisey was recruited to the Red Army. A few years later Ruvim went to the army.  My mother loved her brothers dearly. She told me that they were very kind and that they were at the front in the Carpathians. They wrote letters from the front. Ruvim was wounded in 1918 and sent to a hospital in Kiev. On his way there he fell ill with typhus. Grandmother Tsyvia went to see him and contracted typhus from him. She died in Kiev in 1918. Soon Ruvim died, too.  Grandfather Leizer couldn't cope with it and died in Kiev in autumn 1919 where he had escaped from pogroms. 

Interview details

Interviewee: Leonid Kotliar
Interviewer:
Inna Zlotnik
Month of interview:
November
Year of interview:
2003
Kiev, Ukraine

KEY PERSON

Leizer Risman
Jewish name:
Leizer
Year of birth:
1870
City of birth:
Makarov
Country name at time of birth:
Russia
Year of death:
1919
City of death:
Kiev
Country of death:
Russia
Died:
before WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Self-employed craftsman in non-lite

Other Person

Tsyvia Risman
Jewish name:
Tsyvia
Year of birth:
1870
City of birth:
Makarov
Country name at time of birth:
Russia
Year of death:
1918
City of death:
Kiev
Country of death:
Russia
Died:
before WW II
Died where:
Kiev
Occupation
before WW II:
Housewife

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