Latvia

    Centropa Archive

    95,000 Jews lived in pre-Holocaust Latvia and the majority was murdered by the Nazis and their local accomplices. From 1944 until 1991, Latvia was subsumed into the Soviet Union, and over the following decades, the Jewish community showed barely a sign of life.

    Centropa's interviewing team in Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova

    After Latvia's liberation, the community re-formed itself, and if there are around 10,000 Jews in the country today, the majority are Jews who had been born in the Soviet Union and emigrated to Latvia during the Communist decades.

    Except in a very few cases, Centropa made it a point to interview only those Jews who had been born in Latvia in the years preceding the Holocaust.

    In Latvia, nearly all our interviews have been carried out by our Kiev-based team at the Institute of Jewish Studies, headed by Marina Karelstein, coordinator, and Ella Levitskaya and Zhanna Litinskaya, interviewers.

    Latvia in the Centropa Archive