Jewish Soldiers: Identity of the Jews from Transylvania in the 20. Century

This lesson is an opportunity to make the students understand the situation of the minorities, namely the Jewish minority, who lived in the 20th century South-Eastern Europe, where nationalism soared to alarming levels leading to extremism. The lesson is particularly relevant for its target audience, as it was conceived for a class in which Hungarians, Romanians, Orthodox, Catholics and Protestants study together. The lesson makes use of personal accounts of historic events in order to help the students understand and identify with the characters. The films used in the lesson are: Jewish Soldiers in the Austro-Hungarian Army, Laszlo Nussbaum: Europe without Borders and the Centropa interview with Eva Deutsch.
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Jewish Soldiers in the Austro-Hungarian Army

It was one of Europe's greatest and longest lasting empires. By 1914 its emperor had ruled for more than six decades. And under the reign of Franz Joseph I, Jews throughout the Austro-Hungarian Empire had come out of the ghetto and into society. His picture adorned their living room walls; prayers for his health were in every siddur (prayer book). And the Empire's Jews hoped that the rising tide of nationalism would be kept at bay. But history had other plans. This film was produced in Vienna by Wolfgang Els and narrated by Morley Safer.

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