Teofila Silberring

+
  • Photo taken in:
    Krakow
    Year when photo was taken:
    1934
    Country name at time of photo:
    Poland
    Country name today:
    Poland

This is me in 1934, the date is written on the back of this photograph . There is also a dedication ?For Stefcia to remember - Toska Nussbaum. Cracow, April 1939.? I don?t remember who Stefcia was.

I went to a state elementary school; that school is still there - on Starowislna Street, on the corner of Miodowa Street, this big, red school. Not to the end; somewhere around the 5th grade Father transferred me. Because at that school we had to go to religious studies classes and Father was afraid that I would have complexes. There were maybe four Jewish girls in my class. There were no barriers between us and the rest of the children. I must admit that I didn't feel any. I had friends. I suspect it depends on the home and on the parents. If the parents at home, in front of the children, don't say, 'He's a Jew' or 'Don't play with her because she's a Jew,' then there isn't any difference. That was how it was with me and Esia - that was her name - Teresia, or something. She had a little dog and I was very friendly there. Her parents liked me a lot and there was absolutely no talk of my being a Jew and her not. And for instance our maid, she went to church on Bozego Ciala Street - there's a beautiful church there - and she always took me. 'Toska, come on, we're going to church.' So I would go. And whenever the priest was sprinkling the congregation with holy water, she would say 'Get down under the pew, or he'll sprinkle you!' I would get down. But I used to tell my parents, and somehow Mom never minded, because my parents had the healthy view that whatever I learned wouldn't harm me.

Interview details

Interviewee: Teofila Silberring
Interviewer:
Magdalena Bizon
Month of interview:
November
Year of interview:
2004
Krakow, Poland

KEY PERSON

Teofila Silberring
Year of birth:
1925
City of birth:
Cracow
Country name at time of birth:
Poland
Occupation
after WW II:
Office clerk
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Nussbaum
    Year of changing: 
    1947
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage

Additional Information

Also interviewed by:
Memorial and Museum Auschwitz - Birkenau
Date of interview:
1998

More photos from this country

Birthday party for Marek Kirszenbaum
Gizela Fudem with her sister Tauba Grunberg
Czeslawa Tikitin and Leon Drutowski

Read more biographies from this country

glqxz9283 sfy39587stf02 mnesdcuix8
glqxz9283 sfy39587stf03 mnesdcuix8