Sultana Yulzari with her family

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  • Photo taken in:
    Ruse
    Year when photo was taken:
    1944
    Country name at time of photo:
    Bulgaria after 1989
    Country name today:
    Bulgaria

This is a picture of the Yulzari family. It was taken in Ruse shortly after 9th September 1944, the day of the communist takeover in Bulgaria.

From below upwards, from right to left, one can see my father Sinto Beniesh, my daughter Buena Yulzari, my mother Rashel Beniesh, my husband Mois Yulzari, me, my sister Matilda Beniesh, and my brother Samuel Beniesh, who was not yet married then.

The brightest day in my life was 9th September 1944. Yet in 1944 I applied and was accepted as a member of the communist party. I have maintained my leftist views ever since and even now I keep them by paying my membership dues regularly.

As a matter of fact 9th September 1944 is also the reason for our decision not to immigrate. Because my husband and I thought that after this bright date good times for Jews, for Bulgarians and for all people had to come by all means. As it turned out we weren’t disappointed in our hopes. We remained in Ruse, together with three or four more families that completely shared our views, such as the Beracha family, for example.

I had promised to myself that my children wouldn’t live in poverty as I did once. I remember it clearly that we didn’t have money for clothing when I was to finish high school and when I was a school-leaver. At that time my dad asked one of my cousins, who was better-off than we were, to sеw for me new clothes. And finally I had to go to her and thank her. And it was a severe slap on my human dignity. I wanted my children never to feel such lack and humiliation.

Interview details

Interviewee: Sultana Yulzari
Interviewer:
Patricia Nikolova
Month of interview:
March
Year of interview:
2004
Ruse, Bulgaria

KEY PERSON

Sultana Yulzari
Jewish name:
Eliezer
Year of birth:
1916
City of birth:
Ruse
Country name at time of birth:
Bulgaria
Occupation
after WW II:
Working in natural and technical sciences
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Beniesh
    Year of changing: 
    1940
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage

Other Person

Rashel Beniesh
Year of birth:
1895
City of birth:
Giurgiu
Country name at time of birth:
Romania
Year of death:
1975
City of death:
Bat Yam
Country of death:
Israel
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Housewife
after WW II:
Housewife
  • Previous family name: 
    Farchi
    Reason for changing: 
    Marraige
    Decade of changing: 
    1910s

Additional Information

Also interviewed by:
Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education (University of Southern California)
Date of interview:
1998

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