Salo Fiszgrund with his family before emigration

Salo Fiszgrund with his family before emigration
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  • Photo taken in:
    Warsaw
    Year when photo was taken:
    1969
    Country name at time of photo:
    Poland
    Country name today:
    Poland
This is a farewell picture before the emigration of Salo Fiszgrund's family, taken in Salo's apartment in Warsaw in 1969. From right, there are: Salo's daughter, Hanna Gdalewicz, her daughter Marysia, Salo Fiszgrund and his wife, Gusta-Maria. On the back of the photo you can see a dedication for my husband: ?For dear Brother, Uncle, Brother-in-law, from Henryk [Salo's war name], Maria, Marysia, Hanka? dated Warsaw, September 1969. SSalo and his wife left Poland and went to Vienna in 1969 or 1970. My husband was opposed to the idea of emigrating. They found themselves grounded in Vienna as Salo was trying to secure an 'Aufenthaltsbewilligung' [German for 'residence permit'] for Switzerland. The Swiss didn't want to give it to him, because, I think, it depended on your income, and the Joint pension wasn't enough. In any case, they were grounded in Vienna for a long time, and in the end left for Israel. They had no choice, could either return to Poland or go to Israel. You know, all the Polish Jews, all those post-war emigrants, stated in Poland they were going to Israel. Their papers said so and Austria didn't want to give the residence permit to them either. Salo fell seriously ill in Vienna. The Joint was helping them, and I think the B'nai B'rith too, but they still lived in extreme poverty. It was a nightmare, a terrible tragedy. And my husband kept saying, 'and why did he leave at all?'. Julek Fiszgrund changed his name to Jerzy Rutkowski after the war. It seems to me it was the name by which he went during the war, but I'm not sure. Julek secured a PhD in Leningrad, then a post-doctoral degree, and soon after returning to Poland started teaching law at Warsaw University. It seems to me it's four or five years since he died. Hanka has a degree in law. Her first husband's name was Gdalewicz, and they had a daughter, Marysia, who lives in Vienna. She [Marysia] has already got married, they keep a store of some sort. Hanka, meanwhile, divorced the Gdalewicz guy and got married again, to a Mr. Nielseen, an engineer. She met him in Israel, because Hanka left before Salo. Salo Fiszgrund lived in Tel Aviv, at 241 Ben Yehuda. In an apartment that his nephew from Johannesburg bought for him. The only Fiszgrund that made big money during World War II. Salo had problems adapting to the climate in Israel, couldn't get used to it. Hanka was with him all the time. He died in the early 1970s, I don't even know precisely when. I remember it very well that Julek went there to attend the funeral and arrived late. The passport formalities took so long, and the plane didn't fly everyday. I remember that he arrived a day after the funeral.

Interview details

Interviewee: Alina Fiszgrund
Interviewer:
Magdalena Bizon
Month of interview:
August
Year of interview:
2005
Krakow, Poland

KEY PERSON

Salo Fiszgrund
Year of birth:
1893
City of birth:
Sulkowice
Country name at time of birth:
Austria
Year of death:
1971
City of death:
Tel Aviv
Country of death:
Israel
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
after WW II:
Jewish activist
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Fiszgrund
    Reason for changing: 
    Hiding Jewish identity/nationality
    Decade of changing: 
    1940
  • Previous family name: 
    Osiecki
    Year of changing: 
    1945

Other Person

Maria Fiszgrund
Decade of birth:
1910
City of death:
Tel Aviv
Country of death:
Israel
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
after WW II:
Office clerk

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