Maria Krych at the age of 1

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  • Photo taken in:
    Zamosc
    Year when photo was taken:
    1914
    Country name at time of photo:
    Russia
    Country name today:
    Poland

This is me, Maria Krych, sitting in a chair for children. I was one year old at that time. I don’t know where and by whom this photo was taken.

 

When my parents got married, they went to Zamosc. Father was a talented merchant, very talented. When he started his own business he worked in the wood industry in Zamosc. He was doing quite well for himself. He made good money, but I don’t know exactly how much. 

 

Mother kept house, she didn’t work. She was an excellent housekeeper. At some point she taught herself how to sew and bought a sewing machine. She sewed for the entire closer and more distant family. But she didn’t get any money for that. 

 

Four children were born shortly afterwards, so she had her hands full. The oldest son was born in 1909. His name was Bernard. It was a Polonized name. Of course, he had a Jewish name on his birth certificate, it was Dow, Dow-Ber. The second son was called Izrael. After the war he changed it to Jerzy. He was born in 1910. The youngest one, Michal, was born in 1914. I was born in 1913. They named me Perla. 

 

During our gymnasium years, we went for a vacation each year. We’d go for the entire summer holidays, that is, for three months. We would go to Krasnobrod, Jozefow and other towns nearby Zamosc. Father would always rent a summer house for us there. Those were holidays in the countryside. We would go for walks, in the forest... like children on vacation. But we only went with Mom. Dad stayed in Zamosc and worked. He only came to join us on Sundays. 

Interview details

Interviewee: Maria Krych
Interviewer:
Agata Gajewska
Month of interview:
October
Year of interview:
2004
Warsaw, Poland

KEY PERSON

Maria Krych
Jewish name:
Perla
Year of birth:
1913
City of birth:
Zamosc
Country name at time of birth:
Russia
Occupation
before WW II:
Private teacher, accountant
after WW II:
Secretary, translator
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Goldwag
    Reason for changing: 
    Hiding Jewish
    Decade of changing: 
    1940
  • Previous family name: 
    Kowalewska
    Year of changing: 
    1947
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage

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