Maksymilian Fiszgrund's fake German ID

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  • Photo taken in:
    Krakow
    Year when photo was taken:
    1942
    Country name at time of photo:
    General Government
    Country name today:
    Poland

This is my husband Maksymilian Fiszgrund's fake ID, or ?Kennkarte? made for him by Zegota. His new name was Feliks Misiolek. In this document two things are true: his place of birth and the new place of living - Lednica Gorna, house number 107, where he lived from 15th March 1943.

When the war broke out, my husband fled to Russia. He spent the first two years of the war in Buczacz, working for the Jewish community there. But then the German-Russian war broke out and the Germans arrested him after entering Buczacz. My husband was in touch with someone from the PPS in Cracow, and he was extracted from jail by some PPS activist, I don't remember his name. The man handed him over to another man who brought him to Cracow and handed him over to Bobrowski. They had some problems on the way, there were pass controls on the trains after all.

My husband got through to Cracow and there received fake papers in the name of Feliks Misiolek, those papers were from the Zegota too. He went to Wieliczka and took up residence in Lednica , a residential area where those salt mine workers lived, with a guy named Leon Palonka. Palonka was a member of the Bataliony Chlopskie. A decent man, very decent. A PPS member, very ideological, highly devoted to the party. I knew him, he died of cancer. My husband stayed in Lednica until the end of the war.

From the moment of returning to Poland, my husband was provided for by the Joint. There was that Mrs. Hochberg-Marianska. She used a Polish ID in the name of Marianska, but her real name was Hochberg. She brought money to Leon Palonka for the people he kept in hiding.

Interview details

Interviewee: Alina Fiszgrund
Interviewer:
Magdalena Bizon
Month of interview:
August
Year of interview:
2005
Krakow, Poland

KEY PERSON

Maksymilian Fiszgrund
Year of birth:
1887
City of birth:
Sulkowice
Country name at time of birth:
Austria
Year of death:
1978
City of death:
Cracow
Country of death:
Poland
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Journalist
after WW II:
Jewish activist
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Fischgrund
    Year of changing: 
    1942
    Reason for changing: 
    Hiding Jewish identity/nationality
  • Previous family name: 
    Misiolek
    Year of changing: 
    1945
  • Previous family name: 
    Fischgrund
    Reason for changing: 
    Misspelling
    Decade of changing: 
    1950s

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