Maksymilian Fiszgrund with Emil Haecker

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  • Photo taken in:
    Krakow
    Country name at time of photo:
    Poland
    Country name today:
    Poland

This is my husband, Maksymilian Fiszgrund with his boss, the well-known editor-in-chief of the Naprzod daily, Emil Haecker. The photo was probably taken in the early 1930s; Haecker died from heart attack in 1934. It was very fashionable in the 1930s to have your photo taken when walking in the street.

My husband was born in 1887 in Sulkowice. He went to elementary school in Sulkowice. Later he was taken care of by Wilhelm Feldman, who saw to his education. The two were related somehow, but it was a very distant relation. He sent him to gymnasium, my husband eventually passed the high school finals, on an extramural basis, I guess. With the high school diploma he went to Berlin. He spent a year there and completed the ?Welthandelsschule? [German for school of global commerce], as that's how long it took those days. That was before World War I.

Then he returned to Cracow and started working as a reporter for Naprzod, the official newspaper of the PPS. Those days there were no degrees in journalism, the reporters usually only had high school education. Naprzod was a left-wing newspaper, but, you know, there were various orientations.

When the war broke out, my husband fled to Russia. The entire Naprzod editorial team was later arrested and sent to Auschwitz. Cyrankiewicz, who was also one the Naprzod editors, was in Auschwitz too.

Interview details

Interviewee: Alina Fiszgrund
Interviewer:
Magdalena Bizon
Month of interview:
August
Year of interview:
2005
Krakow, Poland

KEY PERSON

Maksymilian Fiszgrund
Year of birth:
1887
City of birth:
Sulkowice
Country name at time of birth:
Austria
Year of death:
1978
City of death:
Cracow
Country of death:
Poland
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Journalist
after WW II:
Jewish activist
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Fischgrund
    Year of changing: 
    1942
    Reason for changing: 
    Hiding Jewish identity/nationality
  • Previous family name: 
    Misiolek
    Year of changing: 
    1945
  • Previous family name: 
    Fischgrund
    Reason for changing: 
    Misspelling
    Decade of changing: 
    1950s

Other Person

Emil Haecker
Year of birth:
1875
City of birth:
Tarnow
Country name at time of birth:
Austria
Year of death:
1934
City of death:
Cracow
Country of death:
Poland
Died:
before WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Journalist and editor

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