The little Vera Farkas with her family

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  • Photo taken in:
    Kallosemjen
    Year when photo was taken:
    1927
    Country name at time of photo:
    Austria, 1918-1938
    Country name today:
    Hungary

My maternal grandparents and my mother´s siblings.

Maternal grandfather's name was Jakab Strausz, grandmother's name was Betti Weisz. They lived in Kallosemjen. It was a typical Szabolcs county Hungarian village: a small, dirty village, with wooden fences.

They [the Jews] didn't live separately, but there was quite a Jewish life, they came together in the synagogue. The synagogue was very nice, and it was on the main square.

There were quite a lot of Jews, and they came in from the neighboring farms. Just like my aunt and her husband.

My grandfather was a smallholder: he had two acres or four acres, I don't know. They were not rich people. He grew tobacco and melons. I remember that there was a big tobacco-drying barn in the courtyard, and there was a beehive. He went out to work on the land.

His sons sold it, I think. His only employees were those who were at the house, just one or two people, from time to time. They had the sort of village house, which was large enough to have enough room for the many children they had.
When I was at school I always spent a few weeks there in the summer.

I remember grandmother's head was always covered, and grandfather always wore a hat. Lighting candles on Fridays was natural too. All the family was there at the supper on Friday night.

And on Saturday there was that sort of colored woven candle [the havdalah candle], which was up on the wall, and then on Saturday afternoon, the holiday was over when it was lit.

And the phylacteries, grandfather always put them on, I remember that too. And on Friday, they made bread in a huge wooden bowl for the whole week, and these tiny challahs for the children and grandchildren. Pasta with cottage cheese, that was always the main meal on Saturday.

There was a small kitchen garden, and there were horses, and a carriage too, there was even a separate small house for the groom and the staff. There was a large well in the middle of the courtyard, and there was a mulberry tree next to it, and a million ducks underneath, so if a mulberry fell down all the ducks gagged and it was eaten up.

Interview details

Interviewee: Gyorgyne Preisz
Interviewer:
Dora Sardi
Month of interview:
October
Year of interview:
2001
Budapest, Hungary

KEY PERSON

Gyorgyne Preisz
Jewish name:
Debora
Year of birth:
1923
Decade of birth:
1920
City of birth:
Kallosemjen
Country name at time of birth:
Hungary
Occupation
before WW II:
Corset maker
after WW II:
Clerk
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Farkas
    Year of changing: 
    1943
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1940
  • Previous family name: 
    Swartz
    Year of changing: 
    1947
    Reason for changing: 
    Remarriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1940
  • Previous family name: 
    Gero
    Year of changing: 
    1957
    Reason for changing: 
    Remarriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1950

Other Person

Szeren Farkas
Jewish name:
Sara
Year of birth:
1893
Decade of birth:
1890
City of birth:
Kallosemjen
Country name at time of birth:
Austria-Hungary pre 1918
Year of death:
1957
City of death:
Budapest
Country of death:
Hungary
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Housewife
after WW II:
Housewife
  • Previous family name: 
    Strausz
    Year of changing: 
    1920
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1920

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