Letter to Ferenc Deutsch´s 2nd wife concerning Holocaust compensation

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  • Photo taken in:
    Frankfurt am Main
    Year when photo was taken:
    1964
    Country name at time of photo:
    Germany
    Country name today:
    Germany

This is a letter that my second wife received concerning Holocaust compensation.

Her name was Sarolta Holstein. She had been born in Esztergom. Her parents had divorced, and her aunt and grandmother had taken her in and raised her. She was learning to be a hairdresser.

She went to Auschwitz when she was nineteen together with her grandmother and aunt. Mengele sent the old lady to the gas chamber, the aunt to work and took my wife to the experiment lager.

The experiment subjects were in the experiment lager for six weeks. As my wife explained it, they were treated well, but when the experiment was over they were all taken to the gas chambers and killed so as not to leave any trace.

Near Mengele worked a French Jewish doctor who had lost a daughter very like my wife.

The doctor told my wife that she had to leave the hospital during the night and take the transport the next day as Mengele would recognize her as one of the experiment subjects.

They dressed her as a nurse and she was able to run away from the hospital and get to the barracks her aunt was in. There was a transport leaving for Horisov and my wife and her aunt made it there.

She and I got married in 1947 in the synagogue on Csaky Street. She was a hairdresser, but studied further. She graduated from college as a technical designer. She worked on the Nepstadion.

During our marriage she never spoke about Mengele experimenting on her. She could get pregnant, but not deliver.

In 1961 she received compensation because she had been an experiment subject. She was a star witness.

A delegation came from Geneva, because I said that my wife had already been through great hardships and had had enough of Germany once. I insisted that if they wanted her to be a witness then they had to come here. And that's just how it happened.

The delegation came, she was called in, and they examined her. They concluded that everything my wife had said was true. We handed in the papers for the compensation here in Hungary.

My wife was given 40,000 deutschmarks for having being used in the experiments. I said that this was blood money.

My wife and I agreed that if we could not have a family, we would travel.

Interview details

Interviewee: Ferenc Deutsch
Interviewer:
Dora Sardi, Eszter Andor
Month of interview:
July
Year of interview:
2001
Budapest, Hungary

KEY PERSON

Sarolta Deutsch
Year of birth:
1926
City of birth:
Esztergom
Country name at time of birth:
Hungary
Year of death:
1981
City of death:
Budapest
Country of death:
Hungary
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Self-employed craftsman in elite crafts
after WW II:
Skilled self-employed
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Goldstein
    Year of changing: 
    1947
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage

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