Juraj Fischer with his friend Laszlo Rubin

Juraj Fischer with his friend Laszlo Rubin
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  • Photo taken in:
    Prague
    Year when photo was taken:
    1946
    Country name at time of photo:
    Czechoslovakia, 1945-1989
    Country name today:
    Czech Republic
This is a photo of my husband, Juraj Fischer. The photo was taken in Prague, right after our wedding. My husband is on the left, beside him is his friend Laszlo Rubin. My husband was from Lucenec, from a prominent Jewish family. They owned a wholesale business that sold steel, paints, stoves and gasoline. His parents were named Gyula Fischer and Sara Fischer, née Sacher. Sara died very young, when my husband was still a small child. My husband had another two brothers; Zigmund and Juraj. One of the brothers, who was a lawyer, had his little daughter die on him. He lost his mind as a result. He used to go to her grave every Sunday. Once the Nyilasites caught him. They said to him that they were going to take him in. He answered them: ?Don?t take me in yet, I don?t have an umbrella! I?ll go home for an umbrella, and I?ll return, on my honor.? He returned. My husband left the country as a nineteen-year-old when the persecution of Jews was just beginning. In later years, he gave only one longer interview, in 2004, to the weekly Domino forum. In it he described his life story. The story of the escape of a Jewish boy at the start of the war from his hometown of Lucenec, the story of a journey filled with hardships through the Balkans and the Middle East to France, where he took part in Operation Dynamo by the French harbor town of Dunkerque. From there he went to England, where he joined the Czechoslovak Army. After the landing at Normandy, on 6th June 1944 he took part in Operation Overlord. After returning home, when he found out that his loved ones had died in concentration camps, he ended up at the beginning of the 1950s as an accused ?saboteur? of the Communist regime in the uranium mines at Jachymov. He survived it all. He also survived the fact that after 1989 the courts of a democratic country weren?t capable of seeing justice done, and compensate him for the fact that their family's home in the center of Lucenec had been confiscated during the war on the basis of race laws of Szalasi's fascist government. The work of the Nazis was topped off by the Communists with an unbelievably shameless act, when they applied a decree on the confiscation of the property of Nazis and their collaborators against a hero of the anti-Fascist resistance! As if it wasn?t enough, in 1996 the District Court in Lucenec refused his request for compensation with the argument that he wasn?t the owner of the house: according to the laws of the Fascist Szalasi regime. But the fate of their house had come to an absurd end long before ? when in 1975 they tore it down and on its property built the building of the Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Slovakia. Somehow too many symbolic events!

Interview details

Interviewee: Viola Rozalia Fischerova
Interviewer:
Barbora Pokreis
Month of interview:
March
Year of interview:
2007
Bratislava, Slovakia

KEY PERSON

Juraj Fischer
Year of birth:
1921
City of birth:
Lucenec
Year of death:
2007
City of death:
Bratislava
Country of death:
Slovakia
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Businessman, Retail merchant
after WW II:
Manual laborer

Other Person

Laszlo Rubin

Additional Information

Also interviewed by:
Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education (University of Southern California)
Date of interview:
1990s

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