Ferenc Leicht’s residing permission

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  • Photo taken in:
    Budapest
    Year when photo was taken:
    1951
    Country name at time of photo:
    Hungary
    Country name today:
    Hungary

I applied for this residing permission at the order of my future workplace, when I returned from Israel in 1951 to Hungary, and I wanted to move to Budapest. At that time one could only move to the capital and get a job with such a permit. [Editor's note: Because of the migration to Budapest and housing shortage of large dimensions the executive council limited the settling in a decree in 1951. Only those could get a permission to reside who could prove that their labor relations, studies or family circumstances justified their permanent  residence in Budapest.] 

I met a family on the ship, who also came back and had 4 beautiful daughters. The second to last was about 16-17 years old at that time, and I fell in love with her so much that you can't even imagine. She was very beautiful and also very smart. I flirted with her on the ship, under the supervision of her parents of course. I visited them, too, in Budapest, they got a shop on Sip Street, where the family lived, too. But since I didn't have enough practice in making court, but I talked with her my own way, she broke up with me after a short time. But I knew that she worked at the United Lamp Factory, and I decided to try to make peace with her, and I went to work at the United Lamp as an unskilled worker, and I worked at the electron tube manufacturing. Because I could certify that I had learned to be a mechanic for a while, and they employed me as an unskilled technician. Then I never made it up with that girl, even though she was there and we saw each other daily, she didn't care about me. 

My starting salary was 680 forint, and I had to live off this. I lived in a room in Ujpest, the landlady was a very old woman, who had an antique teenage daughter. As far as I remember I paid 100 for the room, for 5 forint I got a tram pass, which was good from my apartment to the United Lamp Factory and back, once a day. And everything was very cheap. I ate lunch at the canteen of the factory. At that time there were different canned foods: cholent with sausage, stew, and I don't remember, perhaps goulash. There were 3 or 4 kinds, which I bought alternately for dinner. If I worked the night shift by chance, then I passed down the lunch ticket, and I ate these bottled foods during the night. They gave me a very bad salary, and I didn't have any free time. I worked like a madman all summer, and at that time they were recruiting working class cadres to continue their studies. And at that time I already counted as a cadre, despite the fact that it was written in my curriculum vitae that I had come home from Israel. Then I applied to the evening technical school, the Landler Jeno Industrial Technical School, which was in Ujpest. They enrolled me and I started studying in September. And then in October they drafted me and on the 5th November I became a soldier of the Hungarian People's Army. 

 

Interview details

Interviewee: Ferenc Leicht
Interviewer:
Judith Rez
Month of interview:
June-November
Year of interview:
2004
Budapest, Hungary

KEY PERSON

Ferenc Leicht
Jewish name:
Jehuda Árje
Year of birth:
1929
City of birth:
Keszthely
Occupation
after WW II:
product engineer

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