Esphir Kalantyrskaya’s sister Clara and her son Miron

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  • Photo taken in:
    Kiev
    Year when photo was taken:
    1936
    Country name at time of photo:
    USSR
    Country name today:
    Ukraine

My sister Clara and her son Miron in Kiev in 1936.

My father didn't change his bachelor's way of life, after he got married: he met with friends, went to restaurants and played in the amateur theater. In this theater he met a young Jewish girl Sophia Kazakova.  They were of different age: my father was 43 and she was 18. They fell in love with each other and my father left the house. I don't know what a divorce was like in those years. I believe they had to obtain rabbi's permission. It couldn't have been otherwise. In 1918 right after my younger brother was born my father divorced my mother and married Sophia.  He often visited us and my mother allowed him to come and see us.  My father told us about beautiful life in Kiev trying to persuade us to go with him. I always looked for some explanation of why I agreed  to go with my father. There must have been several reasons. Firstly, I loved my father and couldn't imagine living apart from him and. Of course I must have been driven by my interest towards everything new and unknown, thirst for traveling and new impressions.  In 1922 my older brother Grigory, my younger sister Clara, my father, pregnant Sophia and I secretly left for Kiev. 

After Sopha's kids were born my father stopped caring for us who were born by an unloved woman.  He hardly ever talked with us and never took any interest in our life. He didn't want to send us to school as he didn't want to lose his workforce.  He hired teachers to teach us at home.  We actually received education equal to 4 years of primary school. 

My older brother Grigory and my sister Clara were very close to me. 

 Clara worked few years at the same plant as Grisha. In 1934 she married her cousin Lazar Agranovich. In 1935 their son Miron was born. Lazar was recruited to the army at the very beginning of the war and perished at the front in 1941. Clara was in the evacuation with Grisha and me.  In 1942 her younger son Valery was born. After the war Clara lived in Kiev. She never got married again.  Clara died in 1999. 

Interview details

Interviewee: Esphir Kalantyrskaya
Interviewer:
Zhanna Litinskaya
Month of interview:
August
Year of interview:
2002
Kiev, Ukraine

KEY PERSON

Clara Agranovich
Year of birth:
1914
City of birth:
Pochep
Country name at time of birth:
Russia pre 1917
Year of death:
1999
City of death:
Kiev
Country of death:
Ukraine
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
housewife
after WW II:
chief of shop at the factory

Other Person

Miron Agranovich
Year of birth:
1935
City of birth:
Kiev
Country name at time of birth:
USSR
Occupation
before WW II:
child
after WW II:
worker

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