Esphir Kalantyrskaya’s parents: father Samuil Persov and mother Bluma Persova

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  • Photo taken in:
    Pochep
    Year when photo was taken:
    1907
    Country name at time of photo:
    Russia pre 1917
    Country name today:
    Russia

These are my parents: my father Samuil Persov and my mother Bluma. This photo was taken after their wedding in Pochep around 1907.

My father Samuil Persov was born in Pochep in 1875. Like all boys in the family he went to the cheder and then he studied language and basics of mathematic with teachers at home.  My father didn't have any document about getting education. But he was an intelligent, well-read and modern man. He followed into his father's steps and became a good jeweler and a watchmaker.  

My father was an atheist although he had finished cheder. He was fond of books, read many Russian classic novels, met with young people and emancipated girls and acted in the amateur theater. He didn't date Jewish girls and wasn't going to get married.  When he was 32 he allowed matchmakers to find him a fiancee giving in to his parents' begging.  My father didn't like anyone in Pochep. He liked emancipated and educated girls. They were not to be found in the distant Pochep. Girls in Pochep had traditional education and only took interest in the family life and religion.  They brought him a girl from another town. 

My father liked Bluma and they got married in 1907. They didn't tell me any details of their wedding, but it was a traditional Jewish wedding with a huppah and a rabbi.  I don't know anything about my mother Bluma. I don't know whether she had brothers or sisters or what her nee name was. The reason I don't know it is that I left my mother and Pochep when I was very young.  I know that her family was much poorer than my father's family. My mother had no education and could hardly read.  They spoke Yiddish to one another.  However, my mother and father spoke Russian to us. My father spoke fluent Russian and my mother spoke it with an accent.  My father insisted that we spoke Russian. My mother was a very religious woman. She prayed, followed the kashruth, lit candles on Saturday, celebrated all Jewish holidays and fasted at Yom Kippur. I have dim memories of these holidays. I found it boring to sit and wait until they finish the ritual and prayer and we could start eating.  I don't remember any joyful activities in our house related to religious traditions.  There was a synagogue in Pochep. 

My parents were very different people. My father was a cheerful modern man, reading newspapers and books and having many books and my mother was a sullen woman, interested in nothing but her house, her children  and the God. 

Interview details

Interviewee: Esphir Kalantyrskaya
Interviewer:
Zhanna Litinskaya
Month of interview:
August
Year of interview:
2002
Kiev, Ukraine

KEY PERSON

Samuil Persov
Jewish name:
Samuil
Year of birth:
1875
City of birth:
Pochep
Country name at time of birth:
Russia pre 1917
Year of death:
1938
City of death:
Kiev
Country of death:
USSR
Died:
before WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Jeweler, clock repair specialist

Other Person

Bluma Persova
Jewish name:
Bluma
Year of birth:
1875
Country name at time of birth:
Russia pre 1917
Year of death:
1942
City of death:
Pochep
Country of death:
USSR
Died where:
Pochep
Occupation
before WW II:
Dressmaker

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