Erzsebet Bato at orphanage

Erzsebet Bato at orphanage
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  • Photo taken in:
    Budapest
    Year when photo was taken:
    1947
    Country name at time of photo:
    Hungary
    Country name today:
    Hungary
This is my mother, Erzsebet, in the orphanage she opened in Budapest after World War II. As far back as I can remember, my mother went to synagogue every Friday. She couldn't read Hebrew, but was a very good Jew. My mother was the director of a hospice for old women. It was established when millionaire women, all Buda Jews, made up their minds to buy a villa, which my mother had renovated to create a hospice. In 1945, she opened the orphanage instead of reopening the home for the elderly. There were masses of Jewish orphans. Those girls all learned a trade. Those who were school-age went to school; those who were too young went to kindergarten. She also turned a private flat into a synagogue. In 1950, the wave of nationalization reached the villa. When the Jewish orphanage was kicked out of the building, it got another site. And my mother arranged everything there, started all over again. The whole group of them, including Mother, moved there. n 1944, the Germans occupied the Jewish hospital and turned it into a war hospital. They insisted I stay as an interpreter, help them acquire supplies and work in the lab. I did not do it. My mother transformed another site into an emergency hospital. I worked there, until my Aunt Margit came to hide me in her home. She was spared because of her Christian husband. Immediately after the war, I went back to work at the Jewish charity hospital. I have been married three times. I quit working when I was 80. I have no family, but I am not alone.

Interview details

Interviewee: Eva Bato
Interviewer:
Dora Sardi, Eszter Andor
Month of interview:
February
Year of interview:
2001
Budapest, Hungary

KEY PERSON

Erzsebet Bato
Year of birth:
1899
City of birth:
Budapest
Country name at time of birth:
Hungary
Year of death:
1969
City of death:
Budapest
Country of death:
Hungary
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Director of Jewish charity
after WW II:
Employee in Jewish organizations
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Illes
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage

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