Document issued to Tsyliya Spivak’s mother Nehama Rozhavskaya

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  • Photo taken in:
    Grimaylovo district
    Year when photo was taken:
    1924
    Country name at time of photo:
    USSR
    Country name today:
    Ukraine

This is a document issued to my mother Nehama Kogan by Grimaylovo district executive committee: 'This is issued by Grimaylovo district executive committee to Nehama Boruchovna Kogan, resident of Chernigov town, to confirm that her husband Zachariy Gershevich Kogan resided in Strizhalovka village before 1917 dealing in farming. However, in 1919 during Denikin invasion to Ukraine, the above mentioned Zachariy Gershkovich was killed by Denikin troops in Grimaylov town and his property was looted. However, his wife and children escaped from Denikin troops and now they don't have means to…'

In 1918 my mother married Zachariy Kogan, a Jewish man. He came from Strezhalovka village. Regardless of hunger, devastation and pogroms they had a real Jewish wedding with a chuppah, music and feasting. My mother and her husband settled down in Grimaylov village with her husband's distant relatives. Their son Aron was born there. During a Denikin troop attack Zachariy was killed before his wife and son's eyes and Denikin soldiers raped my mother. My mother kept an official paper saying: 'This is issued by Grimaylov district executive committee to Nehama Boruchovna Kogan, resident of Chernigov town, to confirm that her husband Zachariy Gershevich Kogan resided in Strizhalovka village before 1917 dealing in farming. However, in 1919 during Denikin invasion to Ukraine, the above mentioned Zachariy Gershkovich was killed by Denikin troops in Grimaylov town and his property was looted. However, his wife and children escaped from Denikin troops and now they don't have means to… Chairman of the village council…Signature'. Behind those few words there is a huge personal tragedy of my mother. She hardly ever talked about it. I know that after this happened my mother lived with grandmother and grandfather for almost ten years. She had a physical and moral trauma and it took her a long time to recover. She didn't work. She did housework, raised her son and looked after her younger sisters. My mother hardly ever went out or socialized with others. Her only joy was her sonny Aron.

Interview details

Interviewee: Tsyliya Spivak
Interviewer:
Zhanna Litinskaya
Month of interview:
September
Year of interview:
2003
Kherson, Ukraine

KEY PERSON

Nehama Rozhavskaya
Jewish name:
Nehama
Year of birth:
1895
City of birth:
Sednevo town, Chernigov province
Country name at time of birth:
Russia
Year of death:
1981
City of death:
Kherson
Country of death:
USSR
Occupation
before WW II:
Housewife
after WW II:
Lower-level public employee
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Kogan
    Year of changing: 
    1918
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage
  • Previous family name: 
    Kaplan
    Year of changing: 
    1929
    Reason for changing: 
    Remarriage

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