Carrying funeral wreaths to the monument to Jews perished in Velizh

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  • Photo taken in:
    Velizh
    Year when photo was taken:
    1988
    Country name at time of photo:
    USSR
    Country name today:
    Russia

This photograph was taken in 1987 in Velizh of Smolensk region.

It shows the procession carrying funeral wreaths to the monument to Jews perished in Velizh.

My second husband, Aron Semenovich Leveter, lived in Velizh before the war broke out.

I was the second wife of Aron Semenovich. Before the war broke out he was married to Maria Berova. She gave birth to their daughter. Aron went to the front immediately after the war broke out.

When the Germans approached Velizh, my husband’s mother, his sister and his first wife with their little daughter in her arms left their native town on foot.
But the mother returned, she said she would be waiting for her son at home.
She didn’t manage to meet her son there: together with other Jews of Velizh she was put into a shed and burnt alive on 29th January 1942.

Aron Semenovich was at the front during the war. He was a driver of a Katyusha rocket launcher. The tragedy in Velizh, when all Jews there were burnt alive, happened in his absence. And in Velizh there were a lot of Jews, you could say Velizh was a Jewish shtetl.

On the place of that tragedy a standard obelisk was erected. In connection with it I’d like to tell you about a remarkable person: Alexander Grigoryevich Bourdukov. He was born in Velizh and at present works there as a teacher of history.

During the war he was a boy and lost his hand, having set off a mine.
The Fascists committed atrocities practically before his eyes.
I consider him to be a near saint.

He did his best to preserve the memory of Jews tormented to death in his native land during the war, it was his lifework. You see, under the Communists, the Soviet authorities didn’t speak about the Holocaust loudly.

It was considered a demonstration of dissidence. And for many years Alexander Grigoryevich collected pieces of information about those who’d perished or survived, about the history of the ghetto.

We got acquainted with him in 1987, when I came to Velizh. One large room in his house was filled with card files. It was his diligence that helped to erect a new good monument at the spot, where Jews were burnt alive.

There is also a museum, where a photo of my husband with all his war decorations hangs, among others.

They especially asked my husband to have his photo taken with all his orders and medals – not medal ribbons.

Interview details

Interviewee: Klara-Zenta Kanevskaya
Interviewer:
Olga Egudina
Month of interview:
July
Year of interview:
2005
St. Petersburg, Russia

KEY PERSON

Klara-Zenta Kanevskaya
Year of birth:
1923
City of birth:
Berlin
Country name at time of birth:
Germany
Occupation
before WW II:
Accountant
after WW II:
Bookkeeper, economist
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Kesselman
    Year of changing: 
    1923
    Reason for changing: 
    Registration of her parents' marriage
  • Previous family name: 
    Elenevich
    Year of changing: 
    1959
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage

Other Person

Aron Leveter
Year of birth:
1915
City of birth:
Riga
Country name at time of birth:
Russia
Year of death:
2003
City of death:
St. Petersburg
Country of death:
Russia
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Mechanic, driver
after WW II:
Driver

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