Beila Gabis’s daughter Rimma Rozenberg and granddaughter Yelena Atlas

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My granddaughter Yelena and her husband are receiving a ketubbah, marriage contract on their wedding. My daughter Rimma is on the left. This photo was taken in Jerusalem in 2000.

We didn't observe Jewish traditions in the family, but I raised the children as Jews. They knew about the great suffering their nation had to go through.

My daughter Rimma met her future husband Alexandr Rozenberg in college. They got married in 1973 when they were students. There were many guests at their wedding, but it wasn't a Jewish wedding. Rimma and her husband worked at the Lvov TV factory Electron. They moved to Israel in 1990. Alexandr works in Sokhnut and Rimma is a housewife. They like their new life very much. My husband and I had the same opinion about emigration. We were happy about the establishment of an independent Jewish state. Like all other Jews we followed the events and struggle, particularly, during the Six-Day-War. We wished happiness to all those moving to Israel or America, but we ourselves did not want to go to Israel. We remembered but too well how Jewish leaders and Judenrat behaved in the ghetto trying to benefit from us. Neither Motia nor I ever wanted to live our life among only Jews.

Rimma's daughter lives in Israel. She married a Jewish man from Israel. There was a big traditional Jewish wedding with a chuppah. Unfortunately, I couldn't afford to attend the party, but I've seen a video cassette and it was beautiful. I often look at photographs in the family album. In one of them a rabbi hands beautiful dressed up Lena, my beloved granddaughter a ketubbah and I recall my bitter wedding in the ghetto and my ketubbah. 

Interview details

Interviewee: Beila Gabis
Zhanna Litinskaya
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Ternopol, Ukraine


Rimma Rozenberg
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Working in natural and technical

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Yelena Atlas
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