Attenders of the Sofia synagogue on a Saturday morning

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  • Photo taken in:
    Sofia
    Country name at time of photo:
    Bulgaria, 1944-1989
    Country name today:
    Bulgaria

This is a photo of the men most frequently visiting the [Great] synagogue - the third one to the left is Leon Burla, who can blow the shofar. Next to him is his father Vitali Burla, who was a member of the [Israeli] Spiritual Council. Vitali is a very clever man, a mathematician. He used to be a lecturer for many years, but unfortunately he got ill. The sixth from left is my brother Isak Levi, the seventh is called Razon, and currently he lives in the Home for elderly people [supported by the Jewish community]. The second from left is Kiril Ivanov - he had a Bulgarian name, yet he has officially taken a Jewish name - Itzhak Benavram (as his mother is Jewish). The picture was taken at the synagogue on a Saturday morning in the 1980s.

My eldest brother is called Isak Levi and he is a textile technician. He is a widower already with a daughter: Ema. They both live in Sofia.

In totalitarian times people visiting the synagogue were treated as suspicious characters. If an official of Jewish origin was spotted visiting the synagogue, he became a subject of persecution. There wasn't a law forbidding visits to the synagogue, on the contrary, the state financially supported the synagogue. Yet, it was forbidden for children, young people and citizens here. All religions were treated in that way, and this didn't only happen to us. Religion was considered something bad which had to be abolished. There is also another thing: as a whole, the Bulgarian people aren't fanatics concerning religious matters, unlike the Catholics, for example. This could also be one of the reasons that in Bulgaria there weren't large manifestations of anti-Semitism.

Interview details

Interviewee: Yosif Levi
Interviewer:
Dimitar Bozhilov
Month of interview:
August
Year of interview:
2004
Sofia, Bulgaria

KEY PERSON

Isak Levi
Jewish name:
Levi
Year of birth:
1914
City of birth:
Sofia
Country name at time of birth:
Bulgaria
Occupation
before WW II:
Technician/engineer
after WW II:
Departmental head/manager in socialist firms

Other Person

Vitali Burla
Decade of birth:
1910
Country name at time of birth:
Bulgaria
Year of death:
1990
City of death:
Sofia
Country of death:
Bulgaria
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
after WW II:
Working in natural and technical sciences

Additional Information

Also interviewed by:
Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation
Date of interview:
2000

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Anna Danon's uncle Iakov Isak

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