Alina Fiszgrund in her school uniform

Alina Fiszgrund in her school uniform
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  • Photo taken in:
    Wloclawek
    Year when photo was taken:
    1931
    Country name at time of photo:
    Poland
    Country name today:
    Poland
This is me dressed in my school uniform. The photo was taken in Wloclawek, probably in 1931. It survived because I gave it to one of my schoolfriend's. I didn't go to elementary school, I had a teacher at home. That was a frequent practice those days, still popular when I was young, that people took a teacher. The teacher taught you, and at the end of the school year you took an exam at the public school and either you passed the year or you didn't. That's what it was like. Then I successfully passed entry exams to a school in Wloclawek. I went to gymnasium there, because my father wanted to buy a pharmacy in Wloclawek. Wloclawek was a nice town, situated on the Vistula, observant of traditions. There was even a Jewish gymnasium there, a coeducational one, but I went to a public one, the Maria Konopnicka Gymnasium. On Stodolna Street, near the Vistula. I went there for two years, to a French-language class. This photo must have been taken about a year before the Jedrzejewicz reforms [Janusz Jedrzejewicz, 1931-1934 minister of education, author of 1932 school system reform], because the uniform has the sailor collar. The reform abandoned the sailor collars and introduced the so-called Slowacki collars instead. The pre-reform gymnasium had eight grades, and the reform introduced a four-grade gymnasium and a two-year high school, while the former first and second grades were made part of a five-grade [Editor's note: in fact six-grade] elementary school. I went to gymnasium about two years before that reform.

Interview details

Interviewee: Alina Fiszgrund
Interviewer:
Magdalena Bizon
Month of interview:
August
Year of interview:
2005
Krakow, Poland

KEY PERSON

Alina Fiszgrund
Year of birth:
1921
City of birth:
Ruda Pabianicka
Country name at time of birth:
Poland
Occupation
after WW II:
Jewish activist
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Birnbaum
    Year of changing: 
    1942
    Reason for changing: 
    Hiding Jewish identity/nationality
  • Previous family name: 
    Gruszczynska
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1940s
  • Previous family name: 
    Golebiowska
    Reason for changing: 
    Remarriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1940s

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