Alexander Paskov's photo of the third anniversary of the Jewish Commune 'Unity'

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  • Photo taken in:
    Starodub
    Year when photo was taken:
    1924
    Country name at time of photo:
    Soviet Union
    Country name today:
    Russia

This is a photograph of when the members of the Starodub Jewish agricultural commune, Unity,
gathered for the celebration of the third anniversary of the founding of the commune in the spring of 1921.
Among the organizers was my mother's brother Zinovi Levitin.
The whole Levitin family joined the commune.
The commune spread across the farmstead
Belovshchina in the Starodub region.

Every summer my mother Estra worked in the fields there.
In this photograph she is sitting with the commune members.
The summer of 1924, when this photograph was taken,
was the last summer before my mother left to Leningrad.

In the Spring of 1934, the commune was relocated to the Crimea.
The Levitin family stayed in Starodub.
In 1941 the Germans occupied Starodub and in the place of the collective farm,
a ghetto-camp was built, to which all the Jews of Starodub were sent.
After three days there, all the men were shot.
The women and children were shot in the spring of 1942.

Interview details

Interviewee: Alexander Paskov
Interviewer:
Ludmila Liuban
Month of interview:
October
Year of interview:
2001
Saint Petersburg, Russia

KEY PERSON

Estra Levitina
Year of birth:
1906
City of birth:
Starodub
Country name at time of birth:
Russia
Year of death:
1972
City of death:
Leningrad
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Professional
after WW II:
Working in natural and technical sciences

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