Communella Bunikovskaya’s mother Gita Bunikovskaya with her sisters and sister’s Shura Turlianskaya’s husband

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  • Photo taken in:
    Stalino
    Year when photo was taken:
    1929
    Country name at time of photo:
    USSR
    Country name today:
    Ukraine
From left to right, upper row: my mother's sister Shura and her husband Turlianskiy; lower row: my mother's sisters Alexandra and Clara, my mother Gita. Stalino (Donetsk at present), 1929. Photo made before my parents' wedding - my mother was about to leave for Mariupol where her husband was. My grandparents had five children: there was a boy born in 1907 - he died of tuberculosis in 1915, my mother didn't remember his name, and sisters Alexandra, Anna and Clara. My mother Gita was born in Yuzovka town in Donbass on 7 November 1909. My mother had to go to work when she was in her teens. In 1924 an employment office sent her to the plant at the Mining institute. My mother became an apprentice in a shop, but when her supervisor noticed that she had a nice handwriting she became a ship forwarder for shipment of casting. Since my mother was a clerk she couldn't enter a higher educational institution since they only admitted workers and children of workers. She didn't have any certificate or diploma and to get a document about some education she went to study at a course of Roentgenologists. After she finished this course she got a job related to her profession where she worked several months, but she had an urge to literary activities: writing poems, in particular. She used to say that poems were reflection of life. My mother was a self-educated woman, but she was smart and intelligent and had intelligent friends. She attended a literary club and all meetings with poets that came on tours. She knew some Ukrainian and Russian poets. Alexandra (Shura - this name sounded more Russian fashion and the surrounding people called her by this name) born in 1908 was a housewife. I guess her husband a Jewish man, Turlianskiy perished during the Great Patriotic War. She had three children: Murah, born in 1928, Semyon, born in 1931 and Konstantin, born in 1941. She earned their living by sewing and working as a room maid at a hotel. Murah and Semyon live in Israel now. Semyon is an engineer and composes music at free time. Konstantin, his wife and daughter live in Germany and their son lives in Donetsk. Shura lived her life in Donetsk. She died in 1990s. Anna (Ania, how she was called) was born in 1911. She finished Physical culture College in Dnepropetrovsk and worked as a trainer in calisthenics at the Physical Culture School. Ania was popular in Dnepropetrovsk: for many years afterward there were contests named after Anna Dubrova in this town. Ania was married and had a son - Mark, born in 1941. She died in Dnepropetrovsk in 2001. Mark lives there with his wife and two children. My mother's younger sister Clara was born in 1913. She lived in Donetsk and was a typist and stenographer at the Regional Party Committee in Donetsk, she was a member of the Party or otherwise she wouldn't have been able to be a Party, but she wasn't a devoted Communist. She was married and had two children: son Michael and daughter Larissa. Michael is a mining engineer. He lives with his wife and daughter in Germany. Larissa graduated from the Conservatory. She lives in Donetsk. Clara died in 1980s.

Interview details

Interviewee: Communella Bunikovskaya
Interviewer:
Inna Zlotnik
Month of interview:
January
Year of interview:
2003
Kiev, Ukraine

KEY PERSON

Communella Bunikovskaya
Year of birth:
1937
City of birth:
Stalino
Country name at time of birth:
USSR
Occupation
after WW II:
Teacher/Professor

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