Frantisek Kowanitz and Gertruda Kowanitzova

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  • Fénykép készítésének helye:
    Prague
    Fénykép készítésének éve:
    1941
    Ország neve a fénykép készültekor:
    Protectorate of Bohemia/Moravia 1938-45
    Ország neve ma::
    Czech Republic

This photo was taken in Prague in October 1941, on the wedding day of my sister Gertruda Kowanitzova, nee Kovanicova. You can see her here with her husband Frantisek Kowanitz.

My sister was seven years older than me. I think she went to a Czech high school and then to a private school of advertising. She then got a job in an office somewhere and drew for fashion magazines, from which she earned a living on the side.

She was very clever and good with her hands. She could speak French and German and was really smart and beautiful. She could also play the piano, even though we didn't have one. We liked each other a lot, but we only realized this during the war, when it was too late for everything.

In October 1941, my sister married the Jewish man Frantisek Kowanitz in Vinohrady Town Hall. It was a civil wedding, and, for the occasion, I got some leather gloves and silk stockings. They got a red dinner service from Aunt Elza, which I still have to this day. From another aunt, my sister got a gas oven, as well as an embroidered lace tablecloth with twelve covers, which was - and still is - very expensive.

Frantisek was born in 1916; he was a distant relative. He worked as a chief clerk and was in the coal business. By the time I met him he was no longer allowed to do his job. We all lived together. I didn't like him at first, because they talked a lot and were all very jovial while I had to do the dishes.

I was about 13 and I kept a diary in which I wrote that I didn't like him because I had to be in the kitchen all the time. My sister probably read it, because he started coming into the kitchen after that and said things like 'You're my sister-in-law' and 'Dear sister-in-law', so I liked him a lot then.

Frantisek was really good-looking and clever. He was a fine person. But we didn't know each other too well. My sister and me didn't understand each other too well either, on account of the big age difference between us. By the time we had started to see eye-to-eye, we were in Terezin.

They obviously got married quickly because deportations were already taking place at that time and they wanted to go together. Immediately after the wedding, Frantisek was sent to a work camp [forced labor camp] in Lipa and then to Terezin. My sister went to Terezin in December 1941.

The two of them met again in Terezin, and they even had a baby girl, Jana Ivana, in 1943. They were sent directly from Terezin to the gas chamber on the last transport, in October, 1944.

Interjú adatok

Interjúalany: Anna Hyndrakova
Interjúkészítő neve:
Pavla Neuner
Interjú készítésének hónapja:
June
Interjú készítésének éve:
2003
Prague, Czech Republic

Kulcsfigura

Frantisek Kowanitz
Születési év:
1910
Ország neve a fénykép készültekor::
Austria
Halálozási év:
1945
Country of death:
Poland
Halálozási hely:
Death march
Foglalkozása
II. világháború előtt:
Office clerk

Másik személy

Gertruda Kowanitzova
Születési év:
1921
Születési hely:
Prague
Halálozási év:
1944
Halálozási hely:
Auschwitz
Country of death:
Poland
Halálozási hely:
Auschwitz
Foglalkozása
II. világháború előtt:
Journalist/editor
  • Születési név: 
    Kovanicova
    Névváltoztatás éve: 
    1941
    Névváltoztatás oka: 
    Marriage

Additional Information

Also interviewed by:
Survivors of the Shoah Visual History FoundationJewish Museum in Prague

További képek ebből az országból

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