Miklos Braun -- The Wedding Photo


Braun Miklós édesapja, Zsigmond hites könyvvizsgáló volt, édesanyja, Aranka pedig, mint a polgári családokban általában, otthon volt a gyerekekkel és a háztartást vezette. Miklós 1913-ban, nővére, Klára 1908-ban, bátyja, Ferenc 1906-ban született. Klára Fiumébe ment férjhez, és 1943-ban Budapesten keresztül deportálták családjával együtt Auschwitzba, ahonnan egyikük sem tért vissza. Ferenc, aki textilügynökként dolgozott, előbb Szegeden, majd Budapesten élt. 1998-ban halt meg.

Miklós felső kereskedelmit végzett, és már 20 évesen a Fiumei Kávébehozatali Társaság egy fióküzletében lett üzletvezető. Igy találkozott 1941-ben későbbi feleségével, Verával, aki munkahelyére menet többször elhaladt az üzlet előtt, és egyszer bement vásárolni. Miklós randevút kért, amibe Vera belement. Miklós ekkor már munkaszolgálatos volt.

1944. április 15-én házasodtak össze, de ezután Miklós egy évig nem tudott hazamenni. Vera csillagos házban volt, és férjét az egyéves házassági évfordulójukra várta haza, amelyre Miklós végül egynapos késéssel, de megérkezett. A háború után Miklós az élelmiszerszakmában dolgozott, Vera pedig egy nagy textilcég igazgatója mellett volt titkárnő. Két fiuk született. Hosszú közös élet után Miklós 2004-ben halt meg, Vera azóta egyedül él.


Miklos Braun's family was middle class: his father, Zsigmond, was a a certified bookkeeper and auditor, his mother, Aranka, was a housewife. Miklos was born in 1913, his sister, Klara in 1908 and his brother Ferenc in 1906.

Klara married a businessman from Fiume (Fiume is now Rijeka and is in Croatia today). Both were deported to Auschwitz by the occupying Gerrmans, and they never returned. Ferenc survived the war in the Budapest ghetto. Miklos graduated from the Commercial Academy in Budapest and managed a candy store. Every day he saw an attractive woman pass by his window. One day she introduced herself to him - her name was Vera Wexler. Soon Miklos and Vera began dating even though Miklos had been conscripted into forced labor. When Miklos was on leave on April 15, 1944, he and Vera married, but because they were Jewish, were not allowed to have an official wedding picture.

Miklos was then swept up into the horrors of war again. He did not think he would survive, but Vera, who was hiding in a "yellow star house" in Budapest said, "If Miki is alive, he will come back to me for our first anniversary." She was wrong. Miklos showed up one day late.

Study Guides

PREWAR HUNGARY

When Miklos and his siblings were born, Hungary was part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The Empire was formed in 1867 under Austrian Emperor Franz Joseph, combining the power of Hapsburg-led Austria with that of Hungary. The Empire also included Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Slovenia, Slovakia, as well as part of what are now Serbia, Romania, Ukraine, Poland, and the Czech Republic. Read more about Franz-Joseph and the formation of the dual monarchy here.

JEWISH HUNGARY

Hungary's Jewish population has a long history: read about it here.

WWII

The Second World War began in September 1939, when the German army invaded and occupied Poland. France and Britain, Poland's allies, responded by declaring war on Germany.

POSTWAR

Following the end of the war, Hungary lost the territory it had gained during the interwar period and war years. After four years of political uncertainty, the Hungarian Constitution of 1949 established Hungary as a Soviet-style communist state. Mátyás Rákosi was the first leader of post-war communist Hungary, and had been a founding member of the Hungarian Communist Party in 1918. Though he himself was Jewish, he had a complex relationship with popular anti-Semitism.

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