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Max Tauber

1956 hatte ich große Schwierigkeiten mit der KPÖ, als ich über den Aufstand in Ungarn [28] gehört habe und was sich da abgespielt hat. Das war ein Wahnsinn! Die Kommunisten haben dann gesagt, dass die NATO schon bereit war, in Ungarn einzumarschieren, und darum mussten die Russen dort einmarschieren. Das war der Standpunkt der KPÖ. Das habe ich dann noch, wie man auf gut wienerisch sagt 'gefressen', aber dann war der Prager Frühling [29], Einmarsch 1968 in die Tschechoslowakei. Da hat die KPÖ erklärt, die Souveränität der Tschechoslowakei wird weiterhin beachtet werden. Das war aber dann überhaupt nicht der Fall. Da habe ich gesagt, jetzt ist Schluss, ich betätige mich nur mehr in der Gewerkschaft! Damit war meine Zugehörigkeit zur Partei so gut wie erledigt.
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Paul Rona

Knapp vor dem Einmarsch der sozialistischen Staatengemeinschaft in die Tschechoslowakei, im August 1968, war ich in der Slowakei, in Banska Stiavnica, der Heimatstadt meiner Mutter, auf Urlaub. Ich habe damals gewettet, dass die Russen nicht einmarschieren werden. Ich war bis 1968 in der Kommunistischen Partei, und bin dann in Folge der politischen Ereignisse, im Jänner 1969 ausgetreten.
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Eshua Aron Almalech

When we learned about the process against the Jewish doctors in the Soviet Union [the Doctors’ Plot [11]] from the newspapers, my father had not left for Bulgaria yet. My wife Nedyalka and he thought that this was some kind of provocation by the Stalinist regime. I admit I was in two minds. The communist regime forbade listening to foreign radio stations such as the BBC, Deutsche Welle, Free Europe, the Voice of America. But my wife and I were journalists and we listened to them. In 1956 after the events in Hungary, I started having doubts about socialism, all the more when most of Stalin’s atrocities became public. [Eshua is referring to the Hungarian revolution against the Soviet type communist regime in Hungary.] But in 1968 after the Soviet armies [i.e. the armies of the Warsaw Pact] occupied Prague, I just could not accept it despite my leftist orientation.
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Geta Jakiene

22 June 1941 was a warm day. In spite of the fact that it was Sunday, I had to go to work to fulfill a task. I worked calmly for a while. Then I had some premonition. I walked out and saw that there were crowds of people outside carrying their things, including feather beds. They were scattering in different directions. My first thought was that those people were getting ready for deportation. Then I heard the word «war» and found out that Germany attacked Soviet Union. I ran out to work as I had the keys to the safe and desk and I had to decide what to do with the documents. Director Shakalis and chief engineer Khakhlymov were at work. Khakhlymov was Russian. He came to work for us in 1940. Shakalis said that we had to leave right away as fascists would be in the city soon. He sent me home to pack my things. I ran to my dad and said good-bye to him. I had not misgiving that it was the last time I saw my dad. I thought that I was leaving only for couple of weeks until the soviet regime ousted fascists. I only took the documents, underwear and an old coat.
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