Polia Gersh and her daughter Alexandra Kravchenko

Polia Gersh and her daughter Alexandra Kravchenko
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  • Foto aufgenommen in:
    Kishinev
    Ländername:
    Romania
    Name des Landes heute:
    Moldova
My mother Polia Gersh with my sister Sarah (Russian name: Alexandra). This photo was taken in the orphanage in Kishinev in the late 1930s. After my father died in 1930 my mother didn't recover for a long time. However, she had three kids and she had to provide for us. My grandmother worked hard selling buns and rolls, and doing her daily work, but she couldn't provide for all of us. My father's relatives incited my aunt, Sima, to tell us that it was my mother's fault that my father had died because she hadn't taken good care of him. She said that they weren't going to support us and that their kin ended with my father's death. Only rarely did they allow my mother and us to go visit them. We were starving and my mother had to send all three of us to an orphanage. My brother Grigoriy was sent to an orphanage for boys and my sister and I went to an orphanage for girls in Kishinev. Girls had the bat mitzvah ritual when they turned 13. They also fasted on Yom Kippur walking pale and swaying a bit as if they hadn't eaten for a month. My sister was with the older girls. She felt jealous about me since when my mother visited us at the orphanage I climbed onto her lap begging her to take me home. My mother got angry and hushed me, and my older sister pinched me pulling me down. I didn't understand how hard it was for my mother to know that I was so unhappy in the orphanage. At the age of seven I went to the Jewish vocational school. We studied in Yiddish, but we also knew Romanian. We studied general subjects for four years and did a vocational course during our fifth year at school. My sister studied dressmaking. I was to become a carton folder, but I never went to study this course - the Soviet regime was established. Our dear patroness, kind and fair Helena died in 1936, but her husband continued her charity initiative.

Interview details

Interviewte(r): Shlima Goldstein
Interviewt von:
Zhanna Litinskaya
Monat des Interviews:
July
Jahr des Interviews:
2004
Chisinau, Moldova

HAUPTPERSON

Alexandra Kravchenko
Jüdischer Name:
Polia
Geburtsjahr:
1925
Geburtsort:
Kishinev
Geburtsland:
Rumänien
Beruf
nach dem 2. Weltkrieg:
Manual laborer
Familiennamen
  • Vorheriger Familienname: 
    Gersh
    Grund der Namensänderung: 
    Marriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1940
  • Vorheriger Familienname: 
    Chahlova
    Grund der Namensänderung: 
    Marriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1960s
  • Vorheriger Familienname: 
    Mikhailova
    Grund der Namensänderung: 
    Marriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1970s

Andere Person

Polia Gersh
Geburtsjahr:
1906
Geburtsort:
Kishinev
Geburtsland:
Russland
Todesjahr:
1980
Todesort:
Kishinev
Sterbeort (Land):
Russia
Gestorben:
after WW II
Beruf
Vor dem 2. Weltkrieg:
Mamual laborer
nach dem 2. Weltkrieg:
Manual laborer
  • Vorheriger Familienname: 
    Reznik
    Jahr der Namensänderung: 
    1924
    Grund der Namensänderung: 
    Marriage

Weitere Informationen

Ebenfalls interviewt von:
Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation
Interviewdatum:
1997
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