Jozef Seweryn as a baby

  • Foto aufgenommen in:
    Austria-Hungary, pre 1918
    Name des Landes heute:

This is me. The photo was taken in Cracow in 1917. 

I was born on 24th June 1917. My mother had no milk, so I had a wet-nurse - it was our neighbor, Mrs. Rokoszowa. I was friends with her son Tadek, who was my milk brother, throughout childhood. 

When I was a few years old my mother left us. She met some Pole - Wladyslaw Seweryn and married him. When she left I walked her with my grandparents to the tram stop. I stayed behind as she didn't take me with her. She later changed her name to Elzbieta. Her husband worked on construction sites, she had a stall on the Maly Rynek market square. He didn't want to keep in touch with our family. They had children, but I never met them. 

I grew up with my grandparents, Jakob and Felicja Kraus. My grandparents didn't have much time - they had their problems and their own affairs. I helped my grandfather in the shop. I remember he used to say, 'Do this, do that, wash the floor, clean up.' But my grandmother she had a gentler, caring approach, 'Come and have some dinner, have some lunch and breakfast.' My mother used to visit us sometimes. 

We lived on 11 Limanowskiego Street, in a tenement house belonging to Mr. Brajer, who was of German origin. There were both Poles and Jews living in that house. It was a large building; there were two wings on both sides. Our apartment was in the back, on the first floor, and my grandfather’s hairdressing salon was on the ground floor, with an entrance from the street. My grandmother didn't have a separate office for her real estate business. Customers would call her, my grandmother had a telephone and she took care of her business in the city.

There were three rooms in our apartment. My grandmother and grandfather slept in one of them; I slept in the second one and the housekeeper in the third. The housekeeper was Polish. When I was small, I also had a nanny. I don't remember her name. 


Interview details

Interviewte(r): Jozef Seweryn
Interviewt von:
Zuzanna Solakiewicz
Monat des Interviews:
Jahr des Interviews:
Warsaw, Polen


Jozef Seweryn
Vor dem 2. Weltkrieg:
Worker at a dentistry supplies store
nach dem 2. Weltkrieg:
Worker at an office that assigned apartments, aircraft factory worker, machine factory worker
  • Vorheriger Familienname: 
    Jahr der Namensänderung: 
    Grund der Namensänderung: 
    Hiding Jewish identity/nationality

Mehr Fotos aus diesem Land

Herbert Lewin bei einer Geburtstagsfeier
Martin Ratz
Ewa Neuman
Herbert Lewins Milchbruder Hans Schaller als Bäckerlehrling
glqxz9283 sfy39587stf02 mnesdcuix8
glqxz9283 sfy39587stf03 mnesdcuix8