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Miklos Kallos and his family

This photo was taken in 1991 or 1992. In the photo there is my elder son Peter, with his wife and my youngest one Gyorgy with his wife and the two grandaughters. We are also in the picture, my wife Katalin Kallos and I.

I married my wife unofficially in 1948. We were officially wedded in 1949. This means we had been living together for one year when we got married.

We both had bicycles and rode them to work. My wife worked at the knitwear factory on Motilor Street. She came from the factory to the city-hall by bike.

Miklos Kallos

This photo was taken in 1985 or 1986. I was living then on Emile Zola Street in Cluj Napoca.

During the revolution of 1989, I looked through the window at the masses who were marching and burning the photos of Ceausescu.

I got out in the streets, I went to see them, and I listened to Mrs. Cornea right here on Victoriei Square, on the first day of the revolution.

Of course, I was glad. I mean, I was glad about that specific situation, glad because we had got rid of Ceausescu and his regime; I didn't realize the entire system had collapsed.

Miklos Kallos

I was in the editorial office where the ‘Uj Ut’ was edited. [Uj Ut (New Way) was a Hungarian weekly published by the Jewish Democratic League between 1949-1953.] For sure it was taken in 1952.

I was the editor-in-chief. It was a weekly editorial. It ceased publication in 1953, like all the other establishments of the minorities.

In 1948, I registered at the Bolyai University in Cluj Napoca. I studied Psychology for one year, after which I transferred myself to the Faculty of Philosophy.

Miklos Kallos and his schoolmates

This school photo is one of the two I still have from before World War II.

It was taken when I was in the elementary school, in the 2nd grade. It was taken 70 years ago, so it must have been June 1933.

These school photos were always taken at the end of the school year. I am the fourth from the right in the first row.

Gyorgy Balazs is also in the photo, he is the first from the left in the back row. We were in the same camp, at Buchenwald.

Miklos Kallos with colleagues

This photo was taken when the library of the Jewish Institute of Babes-Bolyai University from Cluj Napoca was inaugurated.

I was just having a little keynote speech. In the photo there is also Moshe Carmilly, in the first row second from left.

Moshe Carmilly-Weinberger - rabbi in the Jewish Community from Cluj-Napoca during the Holocaust is known also as the author of ‘Censorship amd Freedom of Expression in Jewish History.

Miklos Kallos's family

The photo was taken on one of the alleys of the Central Park in Cluj Napoca in 1962. I am together with my wife Katalin and my sons, Peter and Gyorgy.

I married my wife unofficially in 1948. We were officially wedded in 1949. This means we had been living together for one year when we got married. We both had bicycles and rode them to work.

My wife worked at the knitwear factory on Motilor Street. She came from the factory to the city-hall by bike.

Miklos Kallos

Cluj-Napoca, Rumänien

Miklos Kallos
Cluj Napoca
Romania
Interviewer: Cosmina Paul
Date of the interview: March 2004

Professor Miklos Kallos carries on his professorial activity by coordinating doctoral dissertations.

Although he renounced the leadership of the Jewish community in Cluj, he remains an outstanding figure of the community.

From our very first meeting, Mr. Kallos realized the purpose and the significance of his testimony.

Land: 
Stadt: 
Cluj-Napoca

Zoltan Blum with his wife, Rozalia

This is me Zoltan Blum and my wife Rozalia in our kitchen, in the house from Gherla, were we are living since 1962.

Here's how I met my wife. I had come back from the army to Fizesul Gherlei, but there were no Jewish girls in the village anymore.

As you can imagine, back then, it was considered a shame for a Jew to marry someone who wasn't Jewish.

There were cases of Jews marrying Christian girls, but they were very rare. Nevertheless, I didn't find the thought of spending my entire life alone appealing at all.

Eugen Blum as a child

This is my brother Eugen, born in 1925. All my brothers graduated from primary school in Fizesul Gherlei 7 grades.

In 1938 and 1939 the Goga-Cuza cabinet was in power. At the Romanian public school there was only one teacher who picked on my brother Eugen for being Jewish.

His name was Calugaru and he was a local. As we were devout, my brother refused to light the fire on Saturday, so this teacher forced his head inside the stove.

I was a very bad pupil, as opposed to my siblings, who were always the first in their class.

Margareta Blum, Zoltan Blum’s sister

This is a photo of my sister Margareta Blum whose Jewish name is Malvina. It was taken when she was at school but I don’t know exactly in which year in the 1930s.

Because I had no photos with my relatives, meaning that I have no photos before the second World War, somebody form Fizesul Gherlei gave me one with my bother Eugen and this one with Margareta. My only sister, Margareta was born in 1921.

When I was little we used to visit my uncle and aunt. I remember we came with our parents here, in Gherla, especially before the high holidays.

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