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Swartz Vera with her first husband playing tennis

This is me and my first husband

In 1943 the news spread that girls would be taken, but women would not. I had a sweetheart, and we got married quickly. He was a Jewish boy, but we had only a civil wedding.

He got a week furlough - he was in forced labor at the time - then he was taken away. He was called Laszlo Schwartz, then he became Laszlo Solyom in 1949.

He was born in 1921, and was from Pest. He learnt tailoring, but he couldn't get anywhere with it.

Certificate and ID for Vera on her release from Mauthausen

This is a document that proves that I was freed in Mauthausen and that I can leave.

It shows that I was in Mauthausen between November 1944 and Ma 1945. In reality I was in Wels bt administratively this belonged to Mauthausen this is why I have this document issued in Mauthausen.

I was deported because there was a small family fashion store in Erkel Street, but at the time a Jew could no longer own a business, but my father had an old customer whose name was also Farkas, he was Christian, and they ran the business together.

Miklos and Szeren Farkas, Vera’s parents and her uncle with his wife in lake Balaton

My parents and uncle and his wife in lake Balaton. When I was a teenager, my father bought a holiday home in Agard.

They were called duplex houses, because there were two identical houses together, one of them was ours, and the other one was Uncle Imre's [father's brother's].

They were in the same courtyard. They had a small main room, a verandah, and a small kitchen. Then we used to go there regularly, so that we always went out to grandmothers for no more than two or three weeks [to Kallosemjen].

Vera Farkas with her second husband Andor

My second husband and me. I remarried, to Andor Gero, whom I got to know in the deportation, in Kophaza.

His group was taken there too. Before the war he was a leather goods maker. He was Jewish too, but our wedding was again only a civil service.

After the war he became a great communist, and he worked in the city hall as some kind of a departmental head there, but then he had some messy case and he was dismissed. After that he did some sort of manual work.

Vera Farkas with her third husband Gyuri

My third husband Gyuri and me.

I got married for the third time to Gyorgy Preisz, and we are still together now. Our wedding was in 1967. We live very well today, and also, there is more emphasis on our Jewishness.

We were in Israel in 1993, that was really a great experience. I have many relatives living there, I visited them too, and we also keep in touch.

My husband buys Uj Elet (New Life) and other Jewish papers, and we go to the Dohany synagogue [Budapest's main synagogue] on holidays.

The weekend house of Vera Farkas’ family at lake Balaton

When I was a teenager, my father bought a holiday home in Agard.

They were called duplex houses, because there were two identical houses together, one of them was ours, and the other one was Uncle Imre's [father's brother's]. They were in the same courtyard.

They had a small main room, a verandah, and a small kitchen. Then we used to go there regularly, so that we always went out to grandmothers for no more than two or three weeks [to Kallosemjen].

Helen Farkas, Vera’s aunt

My father´s youngest sister Helen. She was a quiet, thoughtful person. She remained a spinster.

Such people either become bitter or unbearable and spiteful. Helen developed in the latter direction. She spent her youth in the service of the family and she continued this when she moved to Budapest.

She sacrificed all, her tenacity for her siblings and their children. She was ready to live and die for the family.

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