Samuel König and his relatives in front of the family house

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  • Photo taken in:
    Mielnica Podolska
    Country name at time of photo:
    Poland
    Country name today:
    Poland

On this photo is my whole family: my parents: Abraham and Gitel König are looking trough the window. I’m standing next to them and there are my siblings: from left Dwora, Jozef, Fryda and Sara. The youngest girl, second from right was one of our lodger’s daughter. The photo was taken in Mielnica Podolska in the 1930’s. It was Dawid Szternberg who took it.

I think my parents met thanks to matchmaking. They had to be introduced to each other by matchmakers, I don't see it any other way. Father was from Kolomyja near Stanislawow. Mom was born in Mielnica. So where's one and where's the other? Where would they be supposed to meet?

My father, was even-tempered and energetic, he took good care of us - and he had a bunch to take care of! He was thin, of my height. He didn't wear a beard. He dressed the European style. He wore a derby, a round hat. It was a hat for special occasions. He was incredibly hard-working. He smoked, but not much. I remember he would cut a cigarette in two and wrap the other half in tissue paper. A good man, not strict but sober. He was pious. He went to the synagogue every Saturday, on every Sabbath.

Well, Mommy was born in year 1900, or 1901 maybe. She was pretty straightforward, you could say. She was shorter than Father. She helped him at the store so Grandma took care of us. Mom didn't wear a wig, she had beautiful hair. A long, black braid. She wore that braid all her life. She tied it in a bun. She dressed the European style. She was an energetic woman. She raised us, but she didn't have any trouble with us. Every one of us saw the track to follow. She had to be great if she managed to keep the five brats in good health, right, and hygiene. So everything was swell at home.
Parents were an accordant couple. There were no rows, I don't remember anything bad happening.

There were five of us at home: me, my three sisters Sara, Dwora and Fryda, and my brother Josef. We were all born at Granpa's Benjamin Menczer's. I don't remember us hanging out together. There were no conflicts, no, but my sisters were younger, they had their own friends. Parents only took us to the synagogue, Daddy usually. Mommy didn't go to the synagogue too often. They didn't use to take us out for a walk or to go see someone, I don't remember any of that. No such visits. We didn't go on holidays, either. I don't think anyone did those days. There was no such fashion, it was rather people came to visit our region. The town and its surroundings were a healthy and interesting area, so scouts from central Poland, from Silesia, maybe from Warsaw used to come there. They had their camps on the banks of the river Dniester, of Zbruch, right, somewhere around there.

After the World War II I came back to my town, to Mielnica Podolska. Everybody headed for their hometown. So did I. But I already knew nobody was there. In the summer of 1945 I wrote to my town, to the town council, or sovyet. It turned out they gave my letter to Dawid Szternberg who had stayed in Mielnica. He and his sister survived. Had anyone else survived? No. Just the two of them. And so I got a letter from him saying my family was all gone. There was nothing in it about the circumstances of their deaths. They had all been killed, that was all. When I got there [the townspeople] told me all the Jews had been deported to Borszczow by the Germans on one summer day in 1942. They made them walk the 20 kilometers to Borszczow. A ghetto was created there for the Jews from all the surrounding towns. They kept them for a week or two, hungry and cold, and later herded them into railcars and sent to a death camp somewhere. The Jews were probably deported to Terezin, as Borszczow was located 1.5 km away from a railway station on the Terezin-Iwanie Puste line. I've never been to Borszczow. I don't know the town. Besides, Dawid knew everyone was dead. They were gone from Mielnica without a trace.

Interview details

Interviewee: Samuel König
Interviewer:
Judyta Hajduk
Month of interview:
March
Year of interview:
2006
Lodz, Poland

KEY PERSON

Gitel König
Decade of birth:
1900
City of birth:
Mielnica Podolska
Country name at time of birth:
Poland
Year of death:
1942
City of death:
Borszczow
Country of death:
German-occupied Poland
Died where:
Borszczow
Occupation
before WW II:
Housewife
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Menczer
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage
    Decade of changing: 
    1920

Other Person

Abraham König
Decade of birth:
1890
City of birth:
Kolomyja
Year of death:
1942
City of death:
Borszczow
Country of death:
German-occupied Poland
Died where:
Borszczow
Occupation
before WW II:
Shop owner
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