Miklos Braun in forced labor

Miklos Braun in forced labor
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  • Photo taken in:
    Kiev
    Year when photo was taken:
    1942
    Country name at time of photo:
    USSR
    Country name today:
    Ukraine
This me in forced labor. I was drafted in January 1942 and I got back home in November 1943. I had been at the Don Curve and all kinds of ?good places?; my best friends died, and I survived by chance. For a year we were in Sianki, on the Northern side of Polish Carpathians, which was Polish territory. When we went there, we still had our uniforms. Then in October 1943 an order came that civilian clothes should be sent to us from home. We were not soldiers any more, we were simply prisoners, slaves, or whatever you want to call it. I was able to survive only because I was transferred from the work company to the motorized unit because I could drive trucks. When the front at the Don Curve was broken through, we towed the truck away with a tractor, and after an adventurous journey in it we arrived in Kiev. Then, in May 1944, I was drafted again. There was a motorized-unit army post on Ezredes Street and I was sent there. I went home regularly from there to 40 Sziget Street, a yellow-star house that my whole family had been transferred into. Once I wanted to cross Margit Bridge and I was caught at the gate by a filthy sergeant major and he ordered me back. Ten minutes later the bridge blew up. When Governor Horthy came, we believed everything was going to be all right, but the Arrow Cross (Hungarian Fascist) men came in the evening and the army post was closed. Then we were put in trains, crammed in wagons at the railroad station of Jozsefvaros. We had to get off at Pozsony Ligetfalu and we went to dig tank traps. From there I escaped with a friend of mine, and after a few days? illegal loafing around we got into a printing shop called Ervin Metten. The pay-books for German soldiers were printed there in some twenty languages. We obtained illegal papers there but we were caught and imprisoned. From there I was taken to the Lichtenwort concentration camp and I was still there when the Soviet troops arrived.

Interview details

Interviewee: Miklos Braun
Budapest, Hungary

KEY PERSON

Miklos Braun
Year of birth:
1913
City of birth:
Szeged
Country name at time of birth:
Hungary
Occupation
before WW II:
Retail clerk
after WW II:
Office clerk
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Braun
    Year of changing: 
    1945
    Reason for changing: 
    Assimilation

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