Solomon Saltiel and his second wife Rebecca Saltiel

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  • Photo taken in:
    Tel Aviv-Yaffo
    Year when photo was taken:
    1957
    Country name at time of photo:
    Israel
    Country name today:
    Israel

This is my father and his second wife, who was also called Rebecca like my mother. The photo was taken in 1957 in Yaffo, Israel.

In 1942-1943 the anti-Jewish legislation was fully in force, and in 1943 my parents as all Jews in Bulgaria received orders for internment to Razgrad. My younger brother and my parents went there, while my two brothers were sent to labor camps. My mother’s health deteriorated, because while still in Sofia my family was often beaten by the police who were searching the house for me.

The life of my family in Razgrad was very hard. My mother died in 1943 while I was still in prison. I was not allowed to go to her funeral. I know that her funeral took place in accordance with the Jewish traditions. Of course, all that reflected on my education, and although I had finished my secondary education, I could not go to study at university. My father also suffered, because he had to close the workshop, sell some of the property and give the rest to friends to keep. So, my family led a very difficult life.

At the end of 1944 our neighbors and friends were very happy to see that we were alive and well. Although our property had dwindled significantly, we still had our home – a place to sleep and start our lives anew. Each of us started work – my father reopened his workshop, I started work in the Head Office of the People’s Police.

Yako, my younger brother, was the first to move to Israel. In 1948 my other relatives also decided to go there. We all gathered and discussed what we wanted to do. I did not want to move to Israel, because I had devoted my youth and my health to create a new authority. I thought that it was my duty to work for its strengthening in Bulgaria, for the realization of our dreams. So, I remained here to work, while my family, even my father, left. They reached Yaffo by ship.

Interview details

Interviewee: Mois Saltiel
Interviewer:
Patricia Nikolova
Month of interview:
June
Year of interview:
2003
Sofia, Bulgaria

KEY PERSON

Solomon Saltiel
Year of birth:
1892
City of birth:
Sofia
Country name at time of birth:
Bulgaria
Year of death:
1975
City of death:
Bat-Yam
Country of death:
Israel
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Self-employed craftsman in non-elite
after WW II:
Skilled self-employed

Additional Information

Also interviewed by:
Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education (University of Southern California)
Date of interview:
1998

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