Yelena Tets

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  • Photo taken in:
    Liepaja
    Year when photo was taken:
    1911
    Country name at time of photo:
    Russia pre 1917
    Country name today:
    Latvia

This is my mama Yelena Tets (nee Shreiberg). This photograph was taken, when Mama and her fiance, my father, went to visit his parents in Liepaja. Photographer E.Grenzing. This photo was taken in 1911.

My mother's family lived in Latvia, in Jekabpils. That was my grandparents’ home town. My grandfather Hirsh Shreiberg dealt in forestry. He owned a few storage facilities. Grandmother Fania was a housewife, which was common for Jewish women at the time. The family was quite wealthy. There were five children in the family. My mother was the oldest. She was born in 1888. Her Russian name was Yelena, and her Jewish name was Hinde-Dina.

Mama’s parents strictly observed Jewish traditions. They celebrated Sabbath on Friday evening. My grandmother lit candles and prayed over them and then the family had a dinner. My grandfather didn’t work on Saturday and went to the synagogue. On holidays the entire family went to the synagogue. My grandmother followed kept a kosher home and taught her daughters to do the same. The boys studied at cheder. My grandfather also ensured that his daughter received Jewish education. The children also received asecular education. They spoke Yiddish, Russian and German.

My mother, her brothers and sister studied at the private Jewish gymnasium where subjects were taught in German. All children, except Ida, entered the Medical Faculty of the Tartu University. My grandfather died in 1913. Probably that’s why Ida, the youngest one, didn’t receive higher education. The fee was rather high, and the family couldn’t afford to pay for her after my grandfather died. My grandfather was buried at the Jewish cemetery in Jekabpils according to Jewish traditions.

All brothers of my mother graduated from the Medical Faculty of the Tartu University. My mother entered the Dentists' Faculty of this university where she met my father's sister Ida. They became lifelong friends.

Interview details

Interviewee: Tatiana Tets
Interviewer:
Ella Levitskaya
Month of interview:
August
Year of interview:
2005
Riga, Latvia

KEY PERSON

Yelena Tets
Jewish name:
Hinde-Dina
Year of birth:
1888
City of birth:
Jekabpils
Country name at time of birth:
Russia pre 1917
Year of death:
1957
City of death:
Riga
Country of death:
USSR
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Dentist
after WW II:
Dentist
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Shreiberg
    Year of changing: 
    1913
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage
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