The first picture was probably taken in 1907 at a photographer's studio in Lodz.
I don’t know the name of the photographer. I have this photo from my uncle Adolf Fajner, he sent me this photo after World War II, from England.
When I returned home from the Soviet Union, in 1946, I was in touch with my uncle Adolf Fajner, the one who lived in Manchester.
After the war he played the role of a link between the family members who were still alive.
Interviewer Marta Cobel-Tokarska
Date of interview: January-February 2005
Mr. Stefan Minc is a short, elegant man with a small mustache.
He is always dressed with care – in a suit and a hat. He is invariably quick and energetic, despite his advanced age.
I met with him several times in the offices of Warsaw’s Jewish organizations on Twarda Street.
It’s my best friend from Lublin, Andzia Borensztajn. We spended so much time together.
In Lublin, we used to go to the Saski Garden, it was very special place for us.
The Saski Garden in Lublin… It certainly wasn't smaller than the Lazienki in Warsaw.
In the summer there was always a military band on Sundays, a concert bowl, you could listen to concerts. In the winter there were toboggan runs. Huge ones.
You could really go far… Before the war, the garden was open until dusk.
This is me, my sister Elka and our friends from Kazimierz. I don’t remember their names.
My father was a watchmaker. In the summer, my father always went to Kazimierz [resort town on the Vistula, some 100 km south of Warsaw], there was work there.
People dropped their watches into water, into sand, you had to clean them.
And that's why Kazimierz is like a second home town for me. I always spent the whole summer there.
It’s me, Chana, today Anna, with my father Jankiel Szwarc in Kazimierz.
My father, as I said, was a watchmaker. At first he went from village to village to earn money, then he set up a small shop where he worked. It was at Pijarska Street in Lublin.
As we always barely made the ends meet, if we bought something, it was on credit.
Those bills of exchange had to be eventually repaid, and there was always some hectic searching for the money.
Anna MassCity: WarsawCountry: PolandDate of interview: November 2005Interviewer: Magda Cobel-Tokarska
Mrs. Mass is a wonderful old lady, charming, cheerful and witty. She lives alone in Warsaw.
Following her husband’s death, she has developed an interest in alternative medicine, parapsychology and astrology.
She keeps learning new things. I was entranced by her fascinating stories, interwoven with numerous digressions.
Her story is like herself – full of humor, irony, and tenderness.