Emanuel Gruber

Emanuel Gruber
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  • Photo taken in:
    Alba Iulia
    Year when photo was taken:
    1938
    Country name at time of photo:
    Romania
    Country name today:
    Romania
    Name of the photographer / studio:
    ?Foto-Film? Alba Iulia
This is my father Emanuel Gruber. The photo was taken in Gyulafehervar in 1938. Just before World War I my father was accepted to the Medical Faculty, even though he was a Jew, and he finished two years. He should have become a military doctor in the KuK, the Kaiserlich und Koniglich, army, that is, the Austro-Hungarian army, but World War I broke out in the meantime. He went to the front as a voluntary sanitary officer and spent almost four years there, from 1914 to 1918. He came home in 1918 and got involved in politics and promoted Zionism. I think that he received his first impulse at the front, mainly from a colleague of his, who had studied in Vienna. There was a doctor called Ritter there, who was one of the heralds of Zionism and my father came into contact with the Zionist movement through him. After World War I, he didn't graduate from Medical Faculty, yet he was still drafted as a military doctor and sanitary officer to Gyulafehervar in 1938. The photo was taken there. You can see the royal crown on his cap, which was there on all caps. There is a snake on the badge as well, which means that he was a sanitary officer and doctor. There are to letter F-s above the crown (one is the reflection of the other, so it's inverse), which means that he served in the regiment of King Ferdinand I. If I?m not mistaken, he was in regiment No. 79.

Interview details

Interviewee: Vasile Grunea
Interviewer:
Molnár Ildikó
Month of interview:
Június
Year of interview:
2003
Cluj-Napoca, Romania

KEY PERSON

Emanuel Gruber
Year of birth:
1892
City of birth:
Bethlen
Country name at time of birth:
Austria
Year of death:
1989
City of death:
Jerusalem
Country of death:
Israel
Died:
after WW II
Occupation
before WW II:
Office clerk
after WW II:
Office clerk
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