Piroska Hamos with relatives

Piroska Hamos with relatives
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  • Photo taken in:
    Balassagyarmat
    Year when photo was taken:
    191617
    Country name at time of photo:
    Hungary
    Country name today:
    Hungary
This is Etel (far right) and me (far left). I think this picture was taken at Aunty Netka's, and this must be the maid, in whose lap Gyurika, Aunty Netka's eldest son, is sitting. The picture was taken in Balassagyarmat, and as far as I can see, Etel must have been around four or five, which means that it was in 1916-1917. Aunty Netka was my mother's sister. Among her siblings, I konw the most about Aunty Netka, because we spent every summer at their place. Her husband, Sandor Weinberger was a merchant. They lived in Balassagyarmat for a long time, and they owned a textile shop there: a draperers and haberdashery. Sometimes Aunty Netka was in the shop, if she had to help something, or because uncle Sandor had to go somewhere, but mostly, her husband was there. It was not a big shop, they didn't have any employees. In Balassagyarmat, they had their own house, but before that they lived in a rented flat. There were three rooms in the house: grandmother lived in one room, the parents in another one, and in the third one, the five children. When we went there in my childhood, this was how it was. They had a beautiful dining room, very nicely furnished; it had a really dark color, maybe even black, with a glass show-case. They didn't have a garden, just a little courtyard. Aunty Netka had help, Aunty Mari. She was a many-skirted peasant woman. She cleaned the house, and did the laundry. But Aunty Netka cooked. I don't remember, where she lived in their old flat, but when they moved to their house, then in the back, there was a room, or maybe it was a room with a kitchen, and Aunty Mari lived there. She was with them for decades. Even, when they already lived in Budapest, she used to visit them frequently. They were well-off, for a while. I think, they moved to Budapest because the shop went bankrupt. In Budapest they made men's shirts at home, Aunty Netka, and the two girls. Her husband dealt with the transportation and administration. When Aunty Netka and her family were already living in Budapest, I was already married, and had children, I got out of this close family circle, so I don't know so much about these things. As far as I remember the husband of this aunty was a son of a rabbi. They kept a fully kosher household. I don't remember exactly when, but there were milky days, when there were only meals without any meat, I remember that much. For what occasion, I don't recall. And Esther's fasting, they kept everything. They were religious. They were not orthodox, although they are buried in the orthodox cemetery, so they didn't have payes.[editor's note: thus they were orthodox, but not Hasid]. My mother's sister wore a wig. When they moved to Budapest in the 1930's, she didn't wear it anymore, because of her children. After the war, Aunty Netka didn't wear a wig anymore. She let her hair grow long, she had beautiful snow-white hair. When she went out, she wore a hat. Even with a wig she used to wear a hat. Aunty Netka had five children: three girls and two boys. Her eldest daughter, Magda, was ten months younger than me, the youngest one, Agi, is 75 now, I think. We loved each other very much. Magda was a friend to both my sister and me. All five stayed alive after the war. Aunty Netka was in the ghetto, I believe. Her husband probably was too. When I came home, he had already died. Aunty Netka lived with her children. She died in 1965. She is buried in the orthodox cemetery, just the two of them, she and her husband, all the other relatives are already buried in the Israelite cemetery in Budapest, because her children were not at all religious, but let's say, even the children observed the high holidays.

Interview details

Interviewee: Piroska Hamos
Interviewer:
Eszter Andor, Dora Sardi
Month of interview:
April
Year of interview:
2004
Budapest, Hungary

KEY PERSON

Piroska Hamos
Year of birth:
1912
City of birth:
Balassagyarmat
Country name at time of birth:
Austria
Occupation
before WW II:
Housewife
after WW II:
Departmental head/manager in socialist firms
Family names
  • Previous family name: 
    Schultz
    Year of changing: 
    1929
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage
  • Previous family name: 
    Hahn
    Year of changing: 
    1934
    Reason for changing: 
    Assimilation

Other Person

Netka Weinberger
Year of birth:
1887
City of birth:
Ovar
Country name at time of birth:
Austria
Year of death:
1965
City of death:
Budapest
Country of death:
Hungary
Occupation
before WW II:
Housewife
after WW II:
Housewife

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