Emil Polak with his daughters

Emil Polak with his daughters
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  • Photo taken in:
    Luze
    Year when photo was taken:
    1934
    Country name at time of photo:
    Czechoslovakia, 1918-1938
    Country name today:
    Czech Republic
This picture is from June 1934, and was taken in Luze. It shows my father, Emil Polak, lighting a cigarette, while I?m laughing and my younger sister, Eva Polakova [married name Liskova] standing beside us. I attended Sokol from the age of three, my father used to attend it as well, and when my sister Eva was born in 1929, they also had her registered at about the age of three. I liked Sokol a lot, but later we stopped going there, so as not to endanger the rest of the Sokol members by associating with them. I exercised together with my father at the last pre-war all-Sokol Slet [Rally] at the Strahov Stadium in 1938. To this day, I've still got the garland that I had on my head back then! The last rally was very nice, I've got beautiful memories of it. The atmosphere was pleasant, and none of us back then wanted to admit that things would soon so drastically change for the worse, that Munich and the war would come. In Luze we normally associated not only with Jews, but everyone else, too. My best friend wasn't Jewish. We knew each other from nursery school, her father was a basket-maker. We got along very well, but then I left for high school in Prague, and she for Pardubice. We had a gentile servant, then later we just had a helper that used to come over, and during the war we understandably had no one. One servant was named Baruska, our dolls were named after her, she was very nice. Another was Andula, she was also awfully nice and loved us a lot. During the war, when we weren't allowed to associate with so-called Aryans, Andula used to do so proudly, so much that my mother was afraid for her, and told her that she shouldn't come over, for her own safety.

Interview details

Interviewee: Anna Mrazkova
Interviewer:
Dagmar Greslova
Month of interview:
December
Year of interview:
2006
Prague, Czech Republic

KEY PERSON

Emil Polak
Year of birth:
1895
City of birth:
Jicin
Country name at time of birth:
Austria
Year of death:
1945
Died where:
Place unknown
Occupation
before WW II:
Businessman, Retail merchant

Other Person

Anna Mrazkova
Year of birth:
1924
City of birth:
Luze
Occupation
after WW II:
Nurse
  • Previous family name: 
    Polakova
    Year of changing: 
    1950
    Reason for changing: 
    Marriage
  • Previous family name: 
    Capkova
    Year of changing: 
    1956
    Reason for changing: 
    Remarriage

Additional Information

Also interviewed by:
Survivors of the Shoah Visual History Foundation
Date of interview:
1900s

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