The classic story of boy meets girl, boy loses girl, boy finds girl.
Max Uri was living the comfortable life of a Viennese Jewish lad when he fell for Frieda Haber. They met at a Jewish summer camp, then ran into each other the following summer on the Adriatic coast.
But the rise of the Nazis got in the way and Max, who had fled to Palestine in 1939, despaired of ever finding Frieda again. Until that day he was walking down a street in Tel Aviv...
Max and Frieda Uri died in August 2009.
By 1923, the year Max Uri's wife, Frieda Haber, was born, the monarchy had been over for six years and the country was within the First Republic of Austria. The Republic, established in 1919, was created following the end of First World War and the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire (1867-1918) and the Republic of German-Austria (1918-1919).
Take a look at the 1919 Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Austria at the end of WWI.
Read more about the question of Austrian national identity after the break up of the Austrian Empire.
1918 heralded the emergence of an Austrian state. Read the introduction of this essay entitled, “Discovering Austria” for some insight into the significance of the First Republic before it dissolved in 1938 as a result of strengthening Austrian fascism.
In 1938, German troops marched into Austria in what is known as the "Anschluss." At this point, the situation for Austrian Jews changed dramatically for the worse.
Here are photos of the Anschluss in Austria in March 1938 from the US Holocaust Memorial Museum.
9-10 November 1938 Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues across the German Reich - including Austria and the Sudetenland were destroyed. This violent pogrom is known as "Kristallnacht."
Here is a collection of photos from Kristallnacht, compiled by Yad Vashem.
After this pogrom, many Jews realized that things were not going to get any better for them and did what they could to leave the country.
In 1939 Max Uri left for Palestine (today Israel) with only 10 Reichsmarks to his name.
As Nazi influence began to grow stronger, many European Jews attempted to leave for Palestine. Immigration to Israel is known as Aliyah. The Jewish Virtual Library offers a number of links to information about historical immigration to Palestine.
Max Uri arrived in Tel Aviv, where he was reunited with Frieda.
Many of the German-speaking refugees who had fled Germany and Austria, shocked by the relatively "primitive" conditions in this new city in comparison to places like Berlin, helped to build Tel Aviv into the city it is today. As many of these new-comers had been trained at the famous Bauhaus school, they lent their skills to the construction of Bauhaus-inspired buildings - thus filling a need for housing and endowing the city with a modernist flair. Here is a list of Bauhaus buildings in Tel Aviv.
Look at film footage of Tel Aviv from the 1940s.
After five years of living in Israel, Max and Frieda returned to Vienna.
In 1945, Austria had declared the Second Republic.