Piroska Hamos was born in Balassagyarmat, a small town in North-Eastern Hungary in 1912, to the family of Armin Schultz, a gentleman's tailor. Her mother Jozefin died very young. Piroska had one sister, Etel, born in 1912. When their father remarried, they moved to Budapest, where Piroska went to school. She started at a commercial high school but dropped out after two years when she married her second-cousin, Imre Hahn.
Imre, born in 1899 in Budapest, worked as a clerk at the Hungarian Royal River and Sea Shipping Stock Company. Imre had a row boat.
Piroska and Imre converted in 1934 because Imre worked for a state company which did not like employing Jews. However, they were still treated as Jews when the anti-Jewish laws were introduced in Hungary. Imre was taken to forced labor and died in Balf little before their liberation. Piroska and her sister were deported to Ravensbrück (both survived). Piroska's daughters were in the Budapest ghetto with Piroska's sister-law, Klari. Piroska never remarried and raised her two daughters alone. After the war she worked in the ministry of health. She died at the age of 93 in 2005.
Hungary before the German occupation - An article by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
An essay on contemporary Hungarian Jewish life, by Professor Geza Komoroczy.
Learn more about the Jewish history of Budapest (with illustrations and photographs).
A map of Budapest and its surroundings.
Piroska Hamos was married in the Dohany synagogue, which is now the largest in Europe.
An outline of the Nazis’ “Jewish program” in Hungary after the German occupation in March of 1944.
An article on Hungary and its alliance with Nazi Germany, also provided by Yad Vashem.
Many Jews in Hungary were able to escape the persecution of the Holocaust through the Hungarian Labor Service System. This article from Yad Vashem explains how.
An article on Miklos Horthy, regent of Hungary throughout the Second World War, and his relationship with Hitler and the German Reich.
Here you will find articles and photos about Jews in Hungary during the Second World War.